hull

英 [hʌl]
  • n. 船体;(果实的)外壳
  • vt. [粮食] 去壳
  • n. (Hull)人名;(英)赫尔;(法)于尔
TEM4 GRE CET6
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星级词汇:
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hull:厚。还是壳厚——外壳,荚,船身(都是壳);剥壳。
2. cell => conceal <===> hall, hell, hull.
3. hall => hell, hull.
4. hollow <===> hull.
hull 豆荚,船身,船体

来自古英语hulu,豆荚,壳,来自Proto-Germanic*hulus,覆盖,隐藏,来自PIE*kel,遮盖,隐藏,词源同hall,cell.船体义可能来自同一词源,因形如豆荚而得名。

hull
hull: [OE] The notion underlying the word hull is of ‘covering’ or ‘concealing’. It originally meant ‘peapod’ – etymologically, the ‘covering’ of peas – and comes ultimately from the same Indo- European source as produced English cell, clandestine, conceal, hall, hell, and possibly colour and holster. It is generally assumed that hull ‘main body of a ship’, which first appeared in the 15th century, is the same word (a ship’s hull resembling an open peapod), although some etymologists have suggested that it may be connected with hollow.
=> cell, clandestine, conceal, hall, hell, occult
hull (n.1)
"seed covering," from Old English hulu "husk, pod," from Proto-Germanic *hulus "to cover" (cognates: Old High German hulla, hulsa; German Hülle, Hülse, Dutch huls). Figurative use by 1831.
hull (n.2)
"body of a ship," 1550s, perhaps from hull (n.1) on fancied resemblance of ship keels to open peapods (compare Latin carina "keel of a ship," originally "shell of a nut;" Greek phaselus "light passenger ship, yacht," literally "bean pod;" French coque "hull of a ship; shell of a walnut or egg"). Alternative etymology is from Middle English hoole "ship's keel" (mid-15c.), from the same source as hold (n.).
hull (v.)
"to remove the husk of," early 15c., from hull (n.1). Related: Hulled, which can mean both "having a particular kind of hull" and "stripped of the hull."
1. We could hear the swish and gurgle of water against the hull.
我们能听到水拍打船体时的哗哗声。

来自柯林斯例句

2. The yacht has sprung a leak in the hull.
帆船的船体上出现了一条裂缝。

来自柯林斯例句

3. He went to Hull University, where he studied History and Economics.
他去了赫尔大学学习历史和经济学。

来自柯林斯例句

4. He fixed the towing cradle round the hull.
他把牵引支架固定在船体上。

来自柯林斯例句

5. Wash and hull the strawberries.
洗一下草莓,并摘掉花萼。

来自柯林斯例句

[ hull 造句 ]