hazard

英 ['hæzəd] 美 ['hæzɚd]
  • vt. 赌运气;冒…的危险,使遭受危险
  • n. 危险,冒险;冒险的事
  • n. (Hazard)人名;(法)阿扎尔;(英)哈泽德
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1. 谐音“害人(儿)的”------危害人的。
2. hap => haz- "chance, luck" + -ard => hazard.
3. "chances in gambling," then "chances in life" => "chance of loss or harm, risk".
hazard 危险,危害

来自古法语hasard,来自西班牙语azar,骰子,掷骰子赌博,来自阿拉伯语zahr,骰子,拼写受后缀-ard影响俗化。由赌博引申词义危险,危害。参照dicey.

hazard
hazard: [13] The word hazard was introduced to English as the name for a game played with dice. It was borrowed from Old French hasard, which came via Spanish azar from Arabic azzahr, earlier al-zahr ‘luck, chance’. Its associations were thus from the first with ‘uncertainty’, and its central modern sense ‘danger’ did not develop until the 16th century.
hazard (n.)
c. 1300, name of a game at dice, from Old French hasard, hasart "game of chance played with dice," also "a throw of six in dice" (12c.), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Spanish azar "an unfortunate card or throw at dice," which is said to be from Arabic az-zahr (for al-zahr) "the die." But this is doubtful because of the absence of zahr in classical Arabic dictionaries. Klein suggests Arabic yasara "he played at dice;" Arabic -s- regularly becomes Spanish -z-. The -d was added in French through confusion with the native suffix -ard. Sense evolved in French to "chances in gambling," then "chances in life." In English, sense of "chance of loss or harm, risk" first recorded 1540s.
hazard (v.)
"put something at stake in a game of chance," 1520s, from Middle French hasarder "to play at gambling, throw dice" (15c.), from hasard (see hazard (n.)). Related: Hazarded; hazarding.
1. Catching colds is unfortunately an occupational hazard in this profession.
不幸的是,容易感冒是这个行业的职业性风险。

来自柯林斯例句

2. Well, we can hazard a guess at the answer.
噢,我们可以猜一猜答案。

来自柯林斯例句

3. Poverty leads to slums, which are an eyesore and a health hazard.
贫困产生了贫民窟,那里不仅有碍观瞻,而且卫生隐患严重。

来自柯林斯例句

4. He climbed into the car at the hazard of his life.
他冒着生命危险进了汽车.

来自《简明英汉词典》

5. I think we have provided for every possible hazard.
我认为我们已经准备好了应付每一种可能的危险.

来自《简明英汉词典》

[ hazard 造句 ]