harness

英 ['hɑːnɪs] 美 ['hɑrnɪs]
  • vt. 治理;套;驾驭;披上甲胄;利用
  • n. 马具;甲胄;挽具状带子;降落伞背带
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星级词汇:
harness
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1. perhaps from Old Norse *hernest "provisions for an army," from herr "army" (see harry) + nest "provisions" (see nostalgia).
harness 马具,挽具,控制,利用

来自古法语harnois,武器,装备,可能来自herr,军队,词源同harry,here,拼写受名词后缀-ness影响俗化。后由于战马的重要性引申词义马具,换具,以及动词词义控制马或其它家畜,现多用于指控制和利用自然。

harness
harness: [13] Etymologically, harness is ‘equipment for an army’. It comes via Old French herneis ‘military equipment’ from an unrecorded Old Norse *hernest, a compound formed from herr ‘army’ (a descendant of prehistoric Germanic *kharjaz ‘crowd’ and related to English harangue, harbinger, harbour, and harry) and nest ‘provisions’.

English took it over in the general sense ‘equipment’, and did not apply it specifically to the straps, buckles, etc of a horse until the 14th century (it was originally used for any equestrian equipment, including reins, saddles, etc, but now it denotes exclusively the gear of a draught horse).

=> harangue, harbinger, harbour, harry, herald
harness (n.)
c. 1300, "personal fighting equipment, body armor," also "armor or trappings of a war-horse," from Old French harnois, a noun of broad meaning: "arms, equipment; harness; male genitalia; tackle; household equipment" (12c.), of uncertain origin, perhaps from Old Norse *hernest "provisions for an army," from herr "army" (see harry (v.)) + nest "provisions" (see nostalgia). Non-military sense of "fittings for a beast of burden" is from early 14c. German Harnisch "harness, armor" is the French word, borrowed into Middle High German. The Celtic words are believed to be also from French, as are Spanish arnes, Portuguese arnez, Italian arnese. Prive harness (late 14c.) was a Middle English term for "sex organs."
harness (v.)
"to put a harness on a draught animal," c. 1300, from Old French harneschier "make ready, equip, arm," from harnois (see harness (n.)); figurative sense "to control for use as power" is from 1690s. Related: Harnessed; harnessing.
1. He was almost strangled by his parachute harness straps.
他差点被自己的降落伞吊带勒死。

来自柯林斯例句

2. The vet had improvised a harness.
兽医临时凑成了一副马具。

来自柯林斯例句

3. to harness a horse
给马上挽具

来自《权威词典》

4. Scientists have known how to harness the limitless power of the sun.
科学家们已知道如何利用无穷尽的太阳能.

来自《简明英汉词典》

5. The brothers work in double harness.
哥俩一起工作.

来自《简明英汉词典》

[ harness 造句 ]