英 ['ɔːltə; 'ɒl-]
- n. 祭坛；圣坛；圣餐台
- n. (Altar)人名；(法、塞、罗)阿尔塔
1. alt- + -ar (简化自拉丁语后缀：-are，).
词根al, 滋养。此处用于宗教义，指祭祀神灵。同时，受词根alt强化，alt, 高。
- altar: [OE] The etymological notion underlying the word altar is that of sacrificial burning. Latin altar, which was borrowed directly into Old English, was a derivative of the plural noun altāria, ‘burnt offerings’, which probably came from the verb adolēre ‘burn up’. Adolēre in turn appears to be a derivative of olēre ‘smell’ (the connection being the smell made by combustion), which is related to English odour, olfactory, and redolent. (The traditional view that altar derives from Latin altus ‘high’ is no longer generally accepted, although no doubt it played a part, by association, in its development.) In Middle English, the Old French form auter replaced altar, but in the 16th century the Latin form re-established itself.
=> odour, olfactory, redolent
- altar (n.)
- Old English alter, altar, from Latin altare (plural altaria) "high altar, altar for sacrifice to the great gods," perhaps originally meaning "burnt offerings" (compare Latin adolere "to worship, to offer sacrifice, to honor by burning sacrifices to"), but influenced by Latin altus "high." In Middle English, often auter, from Old French auter. Reintroduced from Latin 1500s. As a symbol of marriage, by 1820.
- 1. Matilda was embroidering an altar cloth covered with flowers and birds.
- 2. The altar was flanked by two Christmas trees.
- 3. The vicar took a candlestick from the altar.
- 4. Pope John Paul II knelt in his white robes before the simple altar.
- 5. The coffin lying before the altar was bare, except for a single wreath of white roses.
[ altar 造句 ]