- n. 垫子；起缓解作用之物；（猪等的）臀肉；银行储蓄
- vt. 给…安上垫子；把…安置在垫子上；缓和…的冲击
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
- cushion:  Ultimately, cushion and quilt are the same word. Both come from Latin culcita ‘mattress, cushion’, which is related to Sanskrit kūrcás ‘bundle’, and both reached English via rather circuitous routes. In Gallo-Roman (the descendant of Latin spoken in France from the 5th to the 9th centuries) culcita underwent a transformation which produced Old French coissin and cussin, which Middle English borrowed as quisshon and cushin.
The complexity of forms spawned by these was quite staggering – the OED records nearly seventy spellings of the word – but by the 17th century things had settled down, with cushion emerging the winner. Cushy , incidentally, is quite unrelated, being a borrowing from Hindi khūsh ‘pleasant’.
- cushion (n.)
- c. 1300, from Old French coissin "seat cushion" (12c., Modern French coussin), probably a variant of Vulgar Latin *coxinum, from Latin coxa "hip, thigh," or from Latin culcita "mattress." Someone has counted more than 400 spellings of the plural of this word in Middle English wills and inventories. Also from the French word are Italian cuscino, Spanish cojin.
- cushion (v.)
- 1730s, from cushion (n.). In the figurative sense, from 1863. Related: Cushioned; cushioning.
- 1. Lie face upwards with a cushion under your head.
- 2. The subsidies are designed to cushion farmers against unpre-dictable weather.
- 3. He sat on a tapestry cushion next to the hearth.
- 4. Use a small cushion to help give support to the lower back.
- 5. The kitten was curled on a cushion on the sofa.
[ cushion 造句 ]