- n. 发展；前进；增长；预付款
- vt. 提出；预付；使……前进；将……提前
- vi. 前进；进展；上涨
- adj. 预先的；先行的
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自拉丁语abante, 前缀ab, 从，从...离开，词根ante 前面的。即先行的，先进的。
- advance:  Advance originated in the Latin adverb abante ‘before’ (source of, among others, French avant and Italian avanti), which in turn was based on ab ‘from’ and ante ‘before’. In post-classical times a verb, *abantiāre, seems to have been formed from the adverb. It developed into Old French avancer, and passed into English as avaunce, initially with the meaning ‘promote’.
A new form, advancer, started life in Old French, on the mistaken association of avancer with other av- words, such as aventure, which really did derive from Latin words with the ad- prefix; over the 15th and 16th centuries this gradually established itself in English. The noun advance did not appear until the 17th century.
- advance (v.)
- mid-13c., avauncen, transitive, "improve (something), further the development of," from Old French avancier "move forward" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *abanteare (source of Italian avanzare, Spanish avanzar), from Late Latin abante "from before," composed of ab- "from" (see ab-) + ante "before, in front of, against" (see ante).
The -d- was inserted 16c. on mistaken notion that initial a- was from Latin ad-. From c. 1300 as "to promote;" intransitive sense is mid-14c., "move forward." Meaning "to give money before it is legally due" is first attested 1670s. Related: Advanced; advancing. The adjective (in advance warning, etc.) is recorded from 1843.
- advance (n.)
- c. 1300, "boasting, ostentation," from advance (v.). Early 15c. as "advancement in rank, wealth, etc." Advances "amorous overtures" is from 1706.
- 1. It is a good idea to place your order well in advance.
- 2. Clients normally pay fees in advance, monthly, quarterly, or yearly.
- 3. Generally, warm colours advance in painting and cold colours recede.
- 4. Too much protein in the diet may advance the ageing process.
- 5. I had asked everyone to submit questions in advance of the meeting.
[ advance 造句 ]