idiom

英 ['ɪdɪəm] 美 ['ɪdɪəm]
  • n. 成语,习语;土话
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1. 他(-t)是个白痴 => idiot. 妈妈(-m)教我学习成语、习语、方言 => idiom.
2. idiot, idiom => 白痴他(-t, idiot)记不住习语.
idiom 习语,习惯

来自希腊语idios,个人的,自己的,来自PIE*swe,个人,自己,词源同self,swain,custom.引申词义个人的生活习惯,个人的说话方式,后抽象化为习语,习惯。

idiom (n.)
1580s, "form of speech peculiar to a people or place," from Middle French idiome (16c.) and directly from Late Latin idioma "a peculiarity in language," from Greek idioma "peculiarity, peculiar phraseology," from idioumai "to appropriate to oneself," from idios "personal, private," properly "particular to oneself," from PIE *swed-yo-, suffixed form of root *s(w)e-, pronoun of the third person and reflexive (referring back to the subject of a sentence), also used in forms denoting the speaker's social group, "(we our-)selves" (cognates: Sanskrit svah, Avestan hva-, Old Persian huva "one's own," khva-data "lord," literally "created from oneself;" Greek hos "he, she, it;" Latin suescere "to accustom, get accustomed," sodalis "companion;" Old Church Slavonic svoji "his, her, its," svojaku "relative, kinsman;" Gothic swes "one's own;" Old Norse sik "oneself;" German Sein; Old Irish fein "self, himself"). Meaning "phrase or expression peculiar to a language" is from 1620s.
1. It was an old building in the local idiom.
这是一座具有当地特色的古建筑.

来自《简明英汉词典》

2. I like the idiom of modern popular music.
我喜欢现代流行音乐的风格.

来自《简明英汉词典》

3. And nothing was so irritating as the confident way he used archaic idiom.
没什么比他使用过时的方言时那种自负的神态更气人的了。

来自柯林斯例句

4. McCartney was also keen to write in a classical idiom, rather than a pop one.
麦卡特尼也热衷于古典风格而不是通俗风格的创作。

来自柯林斯例句

5. She is, in fact, a perfect illustration of the French idiom "to be comfortable in one's own skin."
实际上,她很好地诠释了“欣然接纳自我”这一法语习语的意思。

来自柯林斯例句

[ idiom 造句 ]