hospital

英 ['hɒspɪt(ə)l] 美 ['hɑspɪtl]
  • n. 医院
  • n. (Hospital)人名;(英)霍斯皮特尔
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hospital 医院

来自古法语hospital,旅店,来自拉丁语hospes,客人,词源同host,guest.后用于指为需要的人提供的收容所或慈善机构,现用于指医院。

hospital
hospital: [13] Like hospices, hostels, and hotels, hospitals were originally simply places at which guests were received. The word comes via Old French hospital from medieval Latin hospitāle, a noun use of the adjective hospitālis ‘of a guest’. This in turn was derived from hospit-. the stem of Latin hospes ‘guest, host’.

In English, hospital began its semantic shift in the 15th century, being used for a ‘home for the elderly or infirm, or for down-and-outs’; and the modern sense ‘place where the sick are treated’ first appeared in the 16th century. The original notion of ‘receiving guests’ survives, of course, in hospitality [14] and hospitable [16]. Hospice [19] comes via French from Latin hospitium ‘hospitality’, another derivative of hospes.

=> hospice, hospitable, host, hostel, hotel
hospital (n.)
mid-13c., "shelter for the needy," from Old French hospital, ospital "hostel" (Modern French hôpital), from Late Latin hospitale "guest-house, inn," neuter of Latin adjective hospitalis "of a guest or host," from hospes (genitive hospitis); see host (n.1). Later "charitable institution to house and maintain the needy" (early 15c.); sense of "institution for sick people" is first recorded 1540s.
1. You are welcome to visit the hospital at any time.
你可以随时来医院。

来自柯林斯例句

2. They were taken to hospital suffering from smoke inhalation.
他们因吸入大量烟尘被送往医院。

来自柯林斯例句

3. I should point out that these estimates cover just the hospital expenditures.
我应该指出,这些估算仅包括医院的费用。

来自柯林斯例句

4. She was admitted to hospital with a soaring temperature.
她因发高烧被送进医院。

来自柯林斯例句

5. She was taken to hospital, apparently amnesiac and shocked.
她被送往医院,好像是受了惊吓出现了失忆。

来自柯林斯例句

[ hospital 造句 ]