halt

英 [hɔːlt] 美 [hɔlt]
  • vi. 停止;立定;踌躇,犹豫
  • n. 停止;立定;休息
  • vt. 使停止;使立定
  • n. (Halt)人名;(德、芬)哈尔特
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1. hold => halt.
halt 停止,停下

来自古法语halte,停下,词源同hold.即使停止,停下。

halt 跛行,踌躇

来自PIE*kel,砍,切,词源同half,cleave.即砍成两半的,引申词义跛行,踌躇。

halt
halt: English has two words halt. By far the older, meaning ‘lame’ [OE], has virtually died out as a living part of English vocabulary except in the verbal derivative halting ‘stopping and starting uncertainly’. It came from a prehistoric Germanic *khaltaz, which also produced Swedish and Danish halt ‘Jame’. Halt ‘stop’ [17], originally a noun, comes from German halt, which began life as the imperative form of the verb halten ‘hold, stop’ (a relative of English hold).
=> hold
halt (n.)
"a stop, a halting," 1590s, from French halte (16c.) or Italian alto, ultimately from German Halt, imperative from Old High German halten "to hold" (see hold (v.)). A German military command borrowed into the Romanic languages 16c.
halt (adj.)
"lame," in Old English lemphalt "limping," from Proto-Germanic *haltaz (cognates: Old Saxon, Old Frisian halt, Old Norse haltr, Old High German halz, Gothic halts "lame"), from PIE *keld-, from root *kel- "to strike, cut," with derivatives meaning "something broken or cut off" (cognates: Russian koldyka "lame," Greek kolobos "broken, curtailed"). The noun meaning "one who limps; the lame collectively" is from c. 1200.
halt (v.2)
"to walk unsteadily, move with a limping gait," early 14c., from Old English haltian (Anglian), healtian (West Saxon), "to limp, be lame; to hesitate," from Proto-Germanic *halton (cognates: Old Saxon halton, Middle Dutch halten, Old High German halzen), derivative verb from the source of halt (adj.). Figurative use from early 15c. Related: Halted; halting.
halt (v.1)
"make a halt," 1650s, from halt (n.). As a command word, attested from 1796. Related: Halted; halting.
1. The elevator creaked to a halt at the ground floor.
电梯嘎吱一声停在了一层。

来自柯林斯例句

2. He criticised the government for failing to halt economic decline.
他批评政府未能遏止经济下滑。

来自柯林斯例句

3. Operating systems can be brought to a halt by a Trojan Horse.
操作系统可能会因为木马病毒的攻击而中止。

来自柯林斯例句

4. He came to a halt at a crossroads fifty yards further on.
他在往前50码远的十字路口停了下来。

来自柯林斯例句

5. A black Mercedes screeched to a halt beside the helicopter.
一辆黑色的梅赛德斯轿车在直升机旁嘎的一声刹住了。

来自柯林斯例句

[ halt 造句 ]