- vt. 分配，分发；免除；执行
- vi. 免除，豁免
CET6 TEM4 GRE TOEFL
dis-, 分开，散开。-pens, 悬挂，称量，词源同pendulum, pound. 即称量，分发。
- dispense:  Dispense comes ultimately from Latin dispendere ‘weigh out’ (partial source of English spend). This was a compound verb formed from the prefix dis- ‘away’ and pendere ‘weigh’, a relative of pendēre ‘hang’, from which English gets pendulum, pendant, and penthouse. It had a derivative, dispensāre, denoting repeated action: hence ‘pay out, distribute’, senses which passed into English via Old French dispenser. In medieval Latin dispensāre also came to mean ‘administer justice’, and hence ‘exempt, condone’; this was the source of the English usage dispense with ‘do without’.
=> pendulum, pendant, penthouse, spend
- dispense (v.)
- early 14c., from Old French dispenser "give out" (13c.), from Latin dispensare "disburse, administer, distribute (by weight)," frequentative of dispendere "pay out," from dis- "out" (see dis-) + pendere "to pay, weigh" (see pendant).
In Medieval Latin, dispendere was used in the ecclesiastical sense of "grant license to do what is forbidden or omit what is required" (a power of popes, bishops, etc.), and thus acquired a sense of "grant remission from punishment or exemption from law," hence "to do away with" (1570s), "do without" (c. 1600). Older sense is preserved in dispensary. Related: Dispensed; dispensing.
- 1. For two weeks, the cash machine was unable to dispense money.
- 2. We'd dispense with charity drives.
- 3. I can dispense with this dictionary.
- 4. It's all part of a conspiracy to dispense with the town centre all together and move everything out to Meadowhall.
- 5. We cannot dispense with the idea of the speed of light.
[ dispense 造句 ]