英 [dɪf'θɪərɪə; dɪp-]
来自希腊语diphthera, 皮革，处理过的皮革，词源不详，可能来自dip, 浸泡，因这种病的症状喉咙里形成的厚膜如同皮革而得名。
- diphtheria:  The disease diphtheria is characterized by the formation of a false membrane in the throat which obstructs breathing, and when the French physician Pierre Bretonneau described it in the 1820s, he coined a name for it based on Greek diphthéra, which means ‘piece of leather’. Using the suffix -itis, denoting inflammation, he formed the modern Latin term diphtheritis (used in English until the 1850s) and its French equivalent diphthérit.
He subsequently substituted diphthérie, and this was borrowed into and established in English in the late 1850s when an epidemic of the disease (then also termed Boulogne sore throat, from its first having been observed in Boulogne) struck Britain.
- diphtheria (n.)
- from French diphthérie, coined 1857 by physician Pierre Bretonneau (1778-1862) from Greek diphthera "prepared hide, leather," which is of unknown origin; the disease so called for the tough membrane that forms in the throat. Bretonneau's earlier name for it was diphthérite, anglicized as diphtheritis (1826). Formerly known in England as the Boulogne sore throat, because it spread from France.
- 1. Parents are advised to have their children immunized against diphtheria.
- 2. The doctor diagnosed my illness as diphtheria.
- 3. As diphtheria antitoxin is a foreign protein.
- 4. The doctor diagnosed the illness as diphtheria.
- 5. I ascertained the disease to be diphtheria.
[ diphtheria 造句 ]