- vt. 藐视；公然反抗；挑衅；使落空
- n. 挑战；对抗
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 CET6
de-, 不，非，使相反。-fy, 同-fid, 相信，词源同faith, confident. 即不再相信，引申义违抗。
- defy:  The underlying notion of defy is of the renunciation of allegiance. It comes via Old French defier from a Vulgar Latin *disfidāre ‘renounce one’s faith’, a compound verb formed from the prefix dis-, denoting reversal, and Latin fīdus ‘trusting’. This adjective came from a lengthened variant of the stem which produced fidēs ‘faith’, source of English faith.
The word’s current main sense represents a slight shift from ‘being disloyal’ to actively ‘challenging someone’s power’. The verb’s noun derivative defiance , borrowed from Old French, has a first cousin in diffidence , originally ‘distrustfulness’, which came from the classical Latin compound verb diffidere ‘mistrust’.
=> diffidence, faith
- defy (v.)
- c. 1300, "to renounce one's allegiance;" mid-14c., "to challenge, defy," from Old French defier, desfier "to challenge, defy, provoke; renounce (a belief), repudiate (a vow, etc.)," from Vulgar Latin *disfidare "renounce one's faith," from Latin dis- "away" (see dis-) + fidus "faithful," from the same root as fides "faith" (see faith).
- 1. Her criteria defy analysis.
- 2. I wouldn't have dared to defy my teachers.
- 3. The towering pine and cypress trees defy frost and snow.
- 4. If you defy the law, you may find yourself in prison.
- 如果你不服从法律, 你就可能会坐牢.
- 5. I defy anyone to disprove the defendant's statements.
[ defy 造句 ]