英 ['ɔːbən; 'ɔːbɜːn]
- n. 赤褐色
- adj. 赤褐色的，赭色的
- n. (Auburn)人名；(英)奥伯恩
1. from Medieval Latin alburnus "off-white, whitish," from Latin albus "white".
2. alb- + urn- => alburn- => auburn (al- => au-, 古法语引入时，发生的音变).
4. 含义变迁过程：off-white, whitish. => yellowish-white, flaxen (该词最初引入英语时的含义). => reddish-brown (受brown的影响，其含义演变成了如今的含义).
来自词根alb, 白色的，见albumen,蛋白。字母l弱化成u, 词义受brown影响。
- auburn:  The colour of auburn has changed over the centuries. The word comes originally from Latin albus ‘white’ (whence English album, albino, alb, albedo, and albion), from which was derived in medieval Latin alburnus ‘off-white’. This passed via Old French alborne, auborne into English, still meaning ‘yellowishwhite’. From the 15th to the 17th century it was often spelled abrun or abrown, and it seems likely that its similarity to brown led to its gradual shift in meaning to ‘golden-brown’ or ‘reddish-brown’ over the centuries.
=> albino, album
- auburn (n.)
- early 15c., from Old French auborne, from Medieval Latin alburnus "off-white, whitish," from Latin albus "white" (see alb). It came to English meaning "yellowish-white, flaxen," but shifted 16c. to "reddish-brown" under influence of Middle English brun "brown," which also changed the spelling.
- 1. She had a mass of auburn hair.
- 2. She shook her mane of auburn hair.
- 3. Her stylishly short auburn hair was streaked naturally with gray.
- 4. Clyde was removed to Auburn.
- 5. Auburn government and its citizens all made great contributions to it.
[ auburn 造句 ]