来自古法语assise。前缀as- 同ad-. 词根sid, 坐，同sit, session. 借指开庭。单词size为该词缩写。因旧时法庭不仅有审判断案职能，同时兼管规范经济生活中尺寸，重量，款罚，税收标准等职能，因而衍生此义。比较中国古代县官的职责。
- assize:  Like assess, assize comes ultimately from Latin assidēre, which meant literally ‘sit beside someone’ (it was a compound verb formed from the prefix ad- ‘near’ and sedēre ‘sit’, related to English sit). In Old French this became asseeir (modern French has asseoir), of which the past participle was assis.
The feminine form of this, assise, came to be used as a noun ranging in meaning from the very general ‘act of sitting’ or ‘seat’ to the more specific legal senses ‘sitting in judgement’ and ‘session of a court’ (English session comes ultimately from Latin sedēre too). It was the legal usages which passed into English.
=> session, sit, size
- assize (n.)
- "session of a law court," c. 1300 (attested from mid-12c. in Anglo-Latin), from Old French assise "session, sitting of a court" (12c.), properly fem. past participle of asseoir "to cause to sit," from Latin assidere "to sit beside" (see assess). Originally "all legal proceedings of the nature of inquests or recognitions;" hence sessions held periodically in each county of England to administer civil and criminal justice.
- 1. It is thought to have suggested the assize of novel disseisin.
[ assize 造句 ]