CET6 TEM8 IELTS GRE
1. precious <===> appreciate.
2. price => precious, appreciate, appraise.
前缀ap-同ad-. -praise同price, 价格，即评估。
- appraise:  Originally, appraise meant simply ‘fix the price of’. It came from the Old French verb aprisier ‘value’, which is ultimately a parallel formation with appreciate; it is not clear whether it came directly from late Latin appretiāre, or whether it was a newly formed compound in Old French, based on pris ‘price’. Its earliest spellings in English were thus apprize and apprise, and these continued in use down to the 19th century, with the more metaphorical meaning ‘estimate the worth of’ gradually coming to the fore.
From the 16th century onwards, however, it seems that association with the word praise (which is quite closely related etymologically) has been at work, and by the 19th century the form appraise was firmly established. Apprise ‘inform’, with which appraise is often confused (and which appears superficially to be far closer to the source pris or pretium ‘price’), in fact has no etymological connection with it.
It comes from appris, the past participle of French apprendre ‘teach’ (closely related to English apprehend).
=> appreciate, price
- appraise (v.)
- c. 1400, "to set a value on," from stem of Old French aprisier "apraise, set a price on" (14c., Modern French apprécier), from Late Latin appretiare "value, estimate," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + pretium "price" (see price (n.)). Original English spelling apprize altered by influence of praise. Related: Appraised; appraising.
- 1. An expert came to appraise the value of my antiques.
- 2. An employer should appraise the ability of his men.
- 3. It is very high that people appraise to his thesis.
- 4. Second, I appraise the damage done in your accidents.
- 第二, 我对于你在事故中所造成的损失进行评估.
- 5. The critic tried to appraise the poetry of Han Shan.
[ appraise 造句 ]