TEM4 IELTS TOEFL
1、ana- "up, throughout: 完全地、彻底地" + tom- + -y.
3、字面含义：cut up. => 带有向上的、逆流而上的、追本溯源的剖析、剖解其形成过程、形成的结构、形成的结果之意。
前缀ana-, 向上，向后。词根tom, 砍，切，见atom, 不可切的，原子。
- anatomy:  Etymologically, anatomy means ‘cutting up’ (the Greek noun anatomíā was compounded from the prefix ana- ‘up’ and the base *tom-, which figures in several English surgical terms, such as tonsillectomy , as well as in atom and tome), and when it first came into English it meant literally ‘dissection’ as well as ‘science of bodily structure’.
From the 16th century to the early 19th century it was also used for ‘skeleton’, and in this sense it was often misanalysed as an atomy, as if the initial anwere the indefinite article: ‘My bones … will be taken up smooth, and white, and bare as an atomy’, Tobias Smollett, Don Quixote 1755.
=> atom, tome
- anatomy (n.)
- late 14c., "study of the structure of living beings;" c. 1400, "anatomical structures," from Old French anatomie, from Late Latin anatomia, from Greek anatomia, from anatome "dissection," from ana- "up" (see ana-) + temnein "to cut" (see tome). "Dissection" (1540s), "mummy" (1580s), and "skeleton" (1590s) were primary senses of this word in Shakespeare's day; meaning "the science of the structure of organized bodies" predominated from 17c. Often mistakenly divided as an atomy or a natomy.
The scyence of the Nathomy is nedefull and necessarye to the Cyrurgyen 
- 1. This was a troubling essay on the anatomy of nationhood.
- 2. The ball hit him in the most sensitive part of his anatomy.
- 3. He had worked extensively on the anatomy of living animals.
- 4. the anatomy of the horse
- 5. the department of anatomy and physiology
[ anatomy 造句 ]