punishyoudaoicibaDictYouDict[punish 词源字典]
punish: [14] Latin pūnīre ‘punish’ was derived from the noun poena ‘penalty, punishment’ (source of English pain). It passed into Old French as punir, whose stem puniss- gave English punish. A derivative of pūnīre was pūnitīvus ‘inflicting punishment’, which has given English punitive [17].
=> pain[punish etymology, punish origin, 英语词源]
punish (v.)youdaoicibaDictYouDict
c. 1300, from Old French puniss-, extended present participle stem of punir "to punish," from Latin punire "punish, correct, chastise; take vengeance for; inflict a penalty on, cause pain for some offense," earlier poenire, from poena "penalty, punishment" (see penal). Colloquial meaning "to inflict heavy damage or loss" is first recorded 1801, originally in boxing. Related: Punished; punishing.