CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自拉丁语palatium,王宫，宫殿，来自Mons Palatinus,即the Palatine Mountain,古罗马七座山丘之一，凯撒大帝原住所，后罗马皇帝尼禄在此大兴土木，建立宫殿。该词字面意思可能是围栏，围场，来自palus,木桩，词源同pole,palisade.
- palace:  The Palātium, or Mons Palātīnus (in English the ‘Palatine hill’), was one of the seven hills of ancient Rome. On it the emperor Augustus built a house, which in due course grew into a grand imperial palace, also called the Palātium. This came to be used as a generic term for such residences, and passed into English via Old French paleis. The derived Latin adjective palātīnus has given English paladin  and palatine .
=> paladin, palatine
- palace (n.)
- early 13c., "official residence of an emperor, king, archbishop, etc.," from Old French palais "palace, court," from Medieval Latin palacium "a palace" (source of Spanish palacio, Italian palazzo), from Latin palatium "the Palatine hill," in plural, "a palace," from Mons Palatinus "the Palatine Hill," one of the seven hills of ancient Rome, where Augustus Caesar's house stood (the original "palace"), later the site of the splendid residence built by Nero. In English, the general sense of "splendid dwelling place" is from late 14c.
The hill name probably is ultimately from palus "stake," on the notion of "enclosure." Another guess is that it is from Etruscan and connected with Pales, supposed name of an Italic goddess of shepherds and cattle.
- 1. He recounted how heavily armed soldiers forced him from the presidential palace.
- 2. Everyone must be familiar with the old favourite among roses, Crystal Palace.
- 3. He was transferred from Crystal Palace to Arsenal for £2.5 million.
- 4. The palace has extensive gardens, a maze, and tennis courts.
- 5. Last night he attended a state banquet at Buckingham Palace.