idiosyncrasy

英 [,ɪdɪə(ʊ)'sɪŋkrəsɪ] 美 [,ɪdɪə'sɪŋkrəsi]
  • n. (个人独有的)气质,性格,习惯,癖好
TEM8 IELTS
星级词汇:
idiosyncrasy
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idiosyncrasy 习性,特征

idio-,个人的,syn-,表加强,-crasy,混合,搅拌,词源同crater,搅拌碗,火山口。引申词义个人的脾气,性情,习性,特征。由混合引申脾性和脾气来自古代的医学观念,即人体内的各种物质的混合决定和影响人的脾气和性情,类似于中国哲学观念的人体五行金木水火土。

idiosyncrasy (n.)
c. 1600, from French idiosyncrasie, from Greek idiosynkrasia "a peculiar temperament," from idios "one's own" (see idiom) + synkrasis "temperament, mixture of personal characteristics," from syn "together" (see syn-) + krasis "mixture" (see rare (adj.2)). Originally in English a medical term meaning "physical constitution of an individual." Mental sense first attested 1660s.
1. The book is a gem of Victorian idiosyncrasy.
这本书展现了维多利亚时代特色的精华。

来自辞典例句

2. It was his idiosyncrasy to seem much older than his years.
他的特点是看起来比实际年龄苍老得多.

来自辞典例句

3. Eating no meat was Amy's idiosyncrasy.
不吃肉是艾美的习惯.

来自辞典例句

4. Every village has its idiosyncrasy and its constitution.
每一个村庄,都有它自己的特性,它自己的脾气.

来自辞典例句

5. Idiosyncrasy and vicissitude had combined to stamp Sergeant Troy as an exceptional being.
个人的特性和身世的沉浮都表明特罗依中士是一个非同寻常的人.

来自辞典例句

[ idiosyncrasy 造句 ]