iconoclast

英 [aɪ'kɒnəklæst] 美 [aɪ'kɑnəklæst]
  • n. 偶像破坏者;提倡打破旧习的人
GRE
星级词汇:
iconoclast
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iconoclast 反传统者

icon,圣像,神像,-clast,打破,破开,词源同clastic,claymore,gladiator.原指捣毁神像的人, 引申词义反传统者。

iconoclast
iconoclast: [17] The original iconoclasts were members of the Eastern Orthodox church in the 8th and 9th centuries AD who were opposed to the use or worship of religious images. In more extreme cases their opposition took the form of smashing icons (the word iconoclast comes via medieval Latin from medieval Greek eikonoklástēs, a compound formed from eikón ‘icon’ and the verb klan ‘break’).

The term subsequently came to be applied to extreme Protestants in England in the 16th and 17th centuries who expressed their disapproval of graven images (and popish practices in general) in similar ways. Its general use for an ‘attacker of orthodoxy’ dates from the early 19th century.

iconoclast (n.)
"breaker or destroyer of images," 1590s, from French iconoclaste and directly from Medieval Latin iconoclastes, from Late Greek eikonoklastes, from eikon (genitive eikonos) "image" + klastes "breaker," from klas- past tense stem of klan "to break" (see clastic). Originally those in the Eastern Church in 8c. and 9c. whose mobs of followers destroyed icons and other religious objects on the grounds that they were idols. Applied to 16c.-17c. Protestants in Netherlands who vandalized former Catholic churches on similar grounds. Extended sense of "one who attacks orthodox beliefs or institutions" is first attested 1842.
1. Cage was an iconoclast. He refused to be bound by western musical traditions of harmony and structure.
凯奇是个反传统的人。他拒绝接受西方有关和声和结构的音乐传统的束缚。

来自辞典例句

2. But he shows little sign of being an iconoclast.
但他表现出他是一个信念很强的人.

来自互联网

3. I hope I'm an iconoclast. My role is the one who doesn't give a hoot.
我希望我能成为叛逆者,毕竟自己只是个小角色.

来自互联网

4. Like many an iconoclast, Mr Zhang's roots lay in the things he despised.
正如其它的造反派那样,张为自己的出身感到自卑.

来自互联网

[ iconoclast 造句 ]