hypotenuse

英 [haɪ'pɒtənjuːz; -s] 美 [haɪ'pɑtənus]
  • n. 直角三角形的斜边
TEM8 GRE
hypotenuse
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1. hypo- + ten- + -us(拉丁语后缀) + -e(由拉丁语或者希腊语的阴性后缀变体、变化而来:-a => -e).
2. Latin hypotenusa => hypotenuse. 因此该词是由阴性词变化而来。
3. 字面含义:"stretching under" (the right angle).
4. Formerly often erroneously hypothenuse.
hypotenuse 直角三角形的斜边,弦

hypo-,在下,-ten,展开,词源同tenure,extend.即在下面展开的,用于数学名词弦,即最长的边。

hypotenuse
hypotenuse: [16] The hypotenuse is etymologically a line that is ‘stretched under’ the right angle of a triangle. The word comes via Latin hypotēnūsa from Greek hupoteínousa, a derivative of hupoteínein. This was a compound verb formed from the prefix hupo- ‘under’ and teínein ‘stretch’ (a relative of English tend, tense, etc).
=> tend, tense
hypotenuse (n.)
1570s, from Late Latin hypotenusa, from Greek hypoteinousa "stretching under" (the right angle), fem. present participle of hypoteinein, from hypo- "under" (see sub-) + teinein "to stretch" (see tenet). Formerly often erroneously hypothenuse.
1. The hypotenuse is the longest side of a right triangle.
直角三角形的斜边是直角三角形中最长的边.

来自《简明英汉词典》

2. Compute the lengths of the hypotenuse and the other small side.
计算斜边和其它小的边的长度. )

来自互联网

3. Either side of a right triangle that is hypotenuse.
直角边直角三角形除斜边之外的两条边的任意一条.

来自互联网

4. The hypotenuse of a right triangle is always the longest side.
直角三角形的斜边总是最长的.

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5. Either side of a right triangle that is not the hypotenuse.
'直角'.''边''.'直角'.''''.'三角形'. ''除斜边之外的两条边的任意一条.

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[ hypotenuse 造句 ]