hurricane

英 ['hʌrɪk(ə)n; -keɪn] 美 ['hɝrəkən]
  • n. 飓风,暴风
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hurricane
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1. hurri- (hurry) + cane (棍子) => 急匆匆而来的一根棍子(形容飓风)。
hurricane 飓风

来自西班牙语huracan,最终来自西印度群岛土著语Juracan,雷神,当他发怒的时候,会兴起狂风暴雨,即飓风。

hurricane
hurricane: [16] European voyagers first encountered the swirling winds of the hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, and they borrowed a local word to name it – Carib huracan. This found its way into English via Spanish. (An early alternative form was furacano, which came from a Carib variant furacan.)
hurricane (n.)
1550s, a partially deformed adoptation from Spanish huracan (Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdés, "Historia General y Natural de las Indias," 1547-9), furacan (in the works of Pedro Mártir De Anghiera, chaplain to the court of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella and historian of Spanish explorations), from an Arawakan (W. Indies) word. In Portuguese, it became furacão. For confusion of initial -f- and -h- in Spanish, see hacienda. The word is first in English in Richard Eden's "Decades of the New World":
These tempestes of the ayer (which the Grecians caule Tiphones ...) they caule furacanes.
OED records 39 different spellings, mostly from the late 16c., including forcane, herrycano, harrycain, hurlecane. Modern form became frequent from 1650, established after 1688. Shakespeare uses hurricano ("King Lear," "Troilus and Cressida"), but in reference to waterspouts.
1. The agency was heavily criticised for its tardy response to the hurricane.
该机构因对飓风反应迟缓,受到严厉批评。

来自柯林斯例句

2. Hurricane Andrew was last night heading into the Gulf of Mexico.
昨晚,飓风“安德鲁”进入了墨西哥湾。

来自柯林斯例句

3. The eye of the hurricane hit Florida just south of Miami.
飓风的风眼袭击了佛罗里达州迈阿密正南部。

来自柯林斯例句

4. Hurricane Andrew has passed over the southern tip of Florida.
飓风“安德鲁”已越过佛罗里达州南端。

来自柯林斯例句

5. In 1346 a hurricane whipped up the sea to destroy the town.
1346年的飓风引起海啸并摧毁了城镇。

来自柯林斯例句

[ hurricane 造句 ]