hurdle

英 ['hɜːd(ə)l] 美 ['hɝdl]
  • n. 障碍;栏;跳栏
  • vt. 克服
  • vi. 克服;跳过
  • n. (Hurdle)人名;(英)赫德尔
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星级词汇:
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Hestia 希腊神话中的灶神,室家之神; hurdle 篱笆; vesta 女灶神; vestibule

门厅; horde 游牧部落; hospitable 好客的; huddle 聚在一起商量; hoard

储藏; hearth 炉边,炉膛,家庭.

hub 还有"轮毂"一义,同族字的基本含义是"圆而空的事物":

(同族字例) heap 堆积; hop 蛇麻草; hip 臀部; hope 希望; hoove

(动物)鼓胀病; hoopla 投套环游戏; hollow 空的; hoop 箍(状物),铁环.

做到这一步,对于 hub 的解释才算是圆满实用的.

1. crate => Latin cratis "wickerwork, lattice, kitchen-rack, hurdle" => grate, grill, grille, hurdle.
2. crate => PIE root *kert- "to turn, entwine, weave, twist together" => hurdle.
3. 谐音“好堵、好堵哦”-----前面有障碍物,堵住了。
4. 跨栏赛跑(hurdle race; hurdles),田径运动的一个项目,比赛者要在途中跨越一些特制的栏架,起源于英国。由牧羊人跨越羊圈栅栏的游戏演变而来。《=== 刘翔。
5. hurdle race n. 障碍竞赛;跳栏赛跑
hurdle 栏杆,跨栏

来自古英语hyrd,门,篱笆门,来自Proto-Germanic*hurdiz,柳条筐,篱笆门,来自PIE*kert,弯,转,编织,词源同crate,grate.后引申词义栏杆以及跨栏运动。

hurdle
hurdle: see hoard
hurdle (n.)
Old English hyrdel "frame of intertwined twigs used as a temporary barrier," diminutive of hyrd "door," from Proto-Germanic *hurdiz "wickerwork frame, hurdle" (cognates: Old Saxon hurth "plaiting, netting," Dutch horde "wickerwork," German Hürde "hurdle, fold, pen;" Old Norse hurð, Gothic haurds "door"), from PIE *krtis (cognates: Latin cratis "hurdle, wickerwork," Greek kartalos "a kind of basket," kyrtos "fishing creel"), from root *kert- "to weave, twist together" (cognates: Sanskrit krt "to spin"). Sense of "barrier to jump in a race" is by 1822; figurative sense of "obstacle" is 1924.
hurdle (v.)
1590s, "to build like a hurdle," from hurdle (n.). Sense of "to jump over" dates from 1880 (implied in hurdling). Related: Hurdled; hurdling. Hurdles as a type of race (originally horse race) with hurdles as obstacles is attested by 1836 (hurdle-race is from 1822).
1. Crystal Spirit unseated his rider in the Berkshire Hurdle at Newbury.
在纽伯里举行的伯克郡障碍赛中“水玉精灵”把骑师掀了下来。

来自柯林斯例句

2. His horse fell at the final hurdle.
他骑的马在最后一个跨栏倒下了。

来自《权威词典》

3. Two-thirds of candidates fail at this first hurdle and are packed off home.
三分之二的候选人在第一个难关就败下阵来,只好打包回家了。

来自柯林斯例句

4. She learnt to hurdle by leaping over bales of hay on her family's farm.
她通过在自家农场里跳跨干草捆学会了跨栏。

来自柯林斯例句

5. With her speed and agility, Cage cut out all her competitors in the hurdle race.
凯奇在跨栏赛跑中速度快、动作敏捷, 击败了所有其他选手.

来自《简明英汉词典》

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