hundred

英 ['hʌndrəd] 美 ['hʌndrəd]
  • n. 一百;许多
  • adj. 一百的;许多的
  • num. 百;百个
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
使用频率:
星级词汇:
hundred
«
1 / 3
»
hundred 一百

来自PIE*dkm-tom,一百,*dkm,十,词源同ten,December,缩写自*de-kmt,两手,*de,二,词源同two,*kmt,手,*tom,膨胀,鼓起,词源同tumid,thousand.字面意思即鼓起来的十,好几十,后由概词过渡到量词百,词源同century,hectare.比较thousand,其原义为几百,后由概词过渡到量词千。-red,名词后缀,词源同kindred,hatred.

hundred
hundred: [OE] The main Old English word for ‘hundred’ was hund, whose history can be traced back via a prehistoric Germanic *khundam to Indo-European *kmtóm; this was also the source of Latin centum, Greek hekatón, and Sanskrit çatám, all meaning ‘hundred’. The form hundred did not appear until the 10th century. Its -red ending (represented also in German hundert, Dutch honderd, and Swedish hundrade) comes from a prehistoric Germanic *rath ‘number’.
=> cent, rate, thousand
hundred (n.)
Old English hundred "the number of 100, a counting of 100," from Proto-Germanic *hundrath (cognates: Old Norse hundrað, German hundert); first element is Proto-Germanic *hundam "hundred" (cognate with Gothic hund, Old High German hunt), from PIE *km-tom "hundred," reduced from *dkm-tom- (cognates: Sanskrit satam, Avestan satem, Greek hekaton, Latin centum, Lithuanian simtas, Old Church Slavonic suto, Old Irish cet, Breton kant "hundred"), from *dekm- "ten" (see ten).

Second element is Proto-Germanic *rath "reckoning, number" (as in Gothic raþjo "a reckoning, account, number," garaþjan "to count;" see read (v.)). The common word for the number in Old English was simple hund, and Old English also used hund-teontig.
In Old Norse hundrath meant 120, that is the long hundred of six score, and at a later date, when both the six-score hundred and the five-score hundred were in use, the old or long hundred was styled hundrath tolf-roett ... meaning "duodecimal hundred," and the new or short hundred was called hundrath ti-rætt, meaning "decimal hundred." "The Long Hundred and its use in England" was discussed by Mr W.H. Stevenson, in 1889, in the Archcæological Review (iv. 313-27), where he stated that amongst the Teutons, who longest preserved their native customs unimpaired by the influence of Latin Christianity, the hundred was generally the six-score hundred. The short hundred was introduced among the Northmen in the train of Christianity. ["Transactions" of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, 1907]
Meaning "division of a county or shire with its own court" (still in some British place names and U.S. state of Delaware) was in Old English and probably represents 100 hides of land. The Hundred Years War (which ran intermittently from 1337 to 1453) was first so called in 1874. The original Hundred Days was the period between Napoleon's restoration and his final abdication in 1815.
1. Three hundred million dollars will be nothing like enough.
3亿美元远远不够。

来自柯林斯例句

2. Several hundred workers struck in sympathy with their colleagues.
几百名工人罢工以声援他们的同事。

来自柯林斯例句

3. Take a hundred and twenty values and calculate the mean.
取120个值计算平均数。

来自柯林斯例句

4. Its own estimate of three hundred tallies with that of another survey.
其估计数目300与另一项调查的结果相吻合。

来自柯林斯例句

5. I pushed on towards Flagstaff, a hundred miles to the west.
我继续西行,向100英里外的弗拉格斯塔夫进发。

来自柯林斯例句

[ hundred 造句 ]