hour

英 ['aʊə] 美 ['aʊɚ]
  • n. 小时;钟头;课时;…点钟
  • n. (Hour)人名;(法)乌尔;(柬)胡
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hour 小时,时刻

来自古法语hore,从日出到日落的十二分之一时间,来自拉丁语hora,小时,时间,时刻,季节,来自希腊语hora,任意限定的时间,来自PIE*yer,季节,年,词源同year,horoscope.后用于指时间单位小时。

hour
hour: [13] Greek hórā (a distant relative of English year) was originally a rather vague term, denoting ‘period of time, season’. In due course it came to be applied more specifically to ‘one twelfth of a day (from sunrise to sunset)’, but as this varied in length according to the time of the year, hórā was still far from being a precise unit of time. Not until the Middle Ages (when hórā had passed via Latin hora and Old French hore into English as hour) did the term become fixed to a period of sixty minutes. (The same sort of vague relationship between ‘time’ in general or ‘period of time’ and ‘fixed period’ is shown in Swedish timme, which is related to English time but means ‘hour’; in German stunde, which originally meant ‘period of time’, but now means ‘hour’; and indeed in English tide, which in Old English times meant ‘hour’ but now, insofar as it survives as a temporal term, denotes ‘season’ – as in Whitsuntide.) English horoscope [16] comes ultimately from Greek hōroskópos, a compound which meant literally ‘observer of time’ – that is, of the ‘time of birth’.
=> horoscope, year
hour (n.)
mid-13c., from Old French hore "one-twelfth of a day" (sunrise to sunset), from Latin hora "hour, time, season," from Greek hora "any limited time," from PIE *yor-a-, from root *yer- "year, season" (see year). Greek hora was "a season; 'the season;'" in classical times, sometimes, "a part of the day," such as morning, evening, noon, night.

The Greek astronomers apparently borrowed the notion of dividing the day into twelve parts (mentioned in Herodotus) from the Babylonians (night continued to be divided into four watches), but as the amount of daylight changed throughout the year, the hours were not fixed or of equal length. Equinoctal hours did not become established in Europe until the 4c., and as late as 16c. distinction sometimes was made between temporary (unequal) hours and sidereal (equal) ones. The h- has persisted in this word despite not being pronounced since Roman times. Replaced Old English tid, literally "time" (see tide (n.)) and stund "period of time, point of time, hour" (compare German Stunde "hour"), As a measure of distance ("the distance that can be covered in an hour") it is recorded from 1785.
1. Use your lunch hour to have a nap in your chair.
利用午饭时间坐在椅子上打个盹吧。

来自柯林斯例句

2. He is impatient as the first hour passes and then another.
一个小时、两个小时过去了,他不耐烦了。

来自柯林斯例句

3. The appointed hour of the ceremony was drawing nearer.
既定的典礼时间就快到了。

来自柯林斯例句

4. He recalled her devotion to her husband during his hour of need.
他回忆起她在丈夫困难之时的忠贞奉献。

来自柯林斯例句

5. Jack took out his notes and talked for just under an hour.
杰克掏出他的笔记,讲了将近一个小时。

来自柯林斯例句

[ hour 造句 ]