CET6 TEM4 IELTS 考 研
1. hunt => hound.
- hound: [OE] Until superseded around the 16th century by dog, hound was the main English word for ‘dog’ (and indeed its relatives in the other Germanic languages remain so – German, Swedish, and Danish hund, for instance, and Dutch hond). It goes back ultimately to Indo- European *kuntos, a derivative of the base which also produced Greek kúōn ‘dog’ (source of English cynic and, according to some etymologists, quinsy), Latin canis ‘dog’ (whence French chien and Italian cane, not to mention English canine, canary, chenille, and kennel), Welsh ci ‘dog’ (as in corgi , literally ‘dwarf dog’), and Russian sobaka ‘dog’.
Since the 16th century, English hound has been used largely for ‘hunting dog’.
=> canary, canine, chenille, cynic, kennel, quinsy
- hound (n.)
- Old English hund "dog," from Proto-Germanic *hundas (cognates: Old Saxon and Old Frisian hund, Old High German hunt, German Hund, Old Norse hundr, Gothic hunds), from PIE *kuntos, dental enlargement of root *kwon- "dog" (see canine). Meaning narrowed 12c. to "dog used for hunting."
- hound (v.)
- "hunt with hounds," 1520s, from hound (v.). Sense of "pursue relentlessly" is first recorded c. 1600. Related: Hounded; hounding.
- 1. The police have promised to hound down those responsible for the explosion.
- 2. The hound found the trail of the rabbit.
- 3. A hound yelped briefly as a whip cracked.
- 4. The hound coursed the rabbits.
- 5. He was captured by the hound tracing the scent he left over along the path he had followed.
[ hound 造句 ]