hot

英 [hɒt] 美 [hɑt]
  • adj. 热的;辣的;热情的;激动的;紧迫的
  • adv. 热;紧迫地
  • vi. 变热
  • vt. 增加;给…加温
  • n. (Hot)人名;(塞)霍特;(法)奥特
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
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hot 热的,辛辣的

来自古英语hat,热的,来自PIE*kai,热,进一步来自PIE*skai,发光,照耀,词源同shine,candle.由热引申多种词义。

hot
hot: [OE] Hot is the English member of a family of adjectives widespread in Germanic, but with very few outside relatives. Its first cousins are German heiss, Dutch heet, Swedish het, and Danish hed, which point back to a prehistoric Germanic ancestor *khaitaz (the English noun and verb heat come from the same source). Lithuanian kaisti and Latvian kaist ‘become hot’ are allied forms.
=> heat
hot (adj.)
Old English hat "hot, flaming, opposite of cold," also "fervent, fierce, intense, excited," from Proto-Germanic *haita- (cognates: Old Saxon and Old Frisian het, Old Norse heitr, Middle Dutch and Dutch heet, German heiß "hot," Gothic heito "heat of a fever"), from PIE root *kai- "heat" (cognates: Lithuanian kaistu "to grow hot").

The association of hot with sexuality dates back to c. 1500. Taste sense of "pungent, acrid, biting" is from 1540s. Sense of "exciting, remarkable, very good" is 1895; that of "stolen" is first recorded 1925 (originally with overtones of "easily identified and difficult to dispose of"); that of "radioactive" is from 1942.

Hot flashes in the menopausal sense attested from 1887. Hot air "unsubstantiated statements, boastful talk" is from 1900. Hot stuff for anything good or excellent is by 1889. Hot potato in figurative sense is from 1846. The hot and cold in hide-and-seek or guessing games are from hunting (1640s), with notion of tracking a scent.
1. Wash your hands thoroughly with hot soapy water before handling any food.
在拿吃的之前,用热肥皂水把手好好地洗干净。

来自柯林斯例句

2. Across the busy plaza, vendors sell hot dogs and croissant sandwiches.
在热闹广场的另一边,摊贩叫卖着热狗和羊角三明治。

来自柯林斯例句

3. The hot liquid splashed down on the concrete and rebounded.
滚烫的液体泼在水泥地面上又溅了起来。

来自柯林斯例句

4. The media, meanwhile, has blown hot and cold on the affair.
同时,媒体对这件事的态度表现得忽冷忽热。

来自柯林斯例句

5. Atlantic City is the hot favourite to stage the fight.
在大西洋城举行这场拳击比赛是众望所归。

来自柯林斯例句

[ hot 造句 ]