hook

英 [hʊk] 美 [hʊk]
  • n. 挂钩,吊钩
  • vt. 钩住;引上钩
  • vi. 钩住;弯成钩状
  • n. (Hook)人名;(德、荷)霍克;(英)胡克
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
使用频率:
星级词汇:
hook
«
1 / 3
»
hook 钩子,鱼钩,挂钩

来自古英语hoc,钩子,来自PIE*keg,钩子,齿,词源同hack,haggle.引申词义鱼钩,挂钩等。

hook
hook: [OE] Hook and its Germanic relatives, German haken, Dutch haak, Swedish hake, and Danish hage, go back to a prehistoric *keg- or *keng- ‘bent object’, from which English also gets hank [14] (via Old Norse *hanku). Old Norse haki ‘hook’ was the source of a now obsolete English hake ‘hook’, which may have been the inspiration for the fish-name hake [15] (the hake having a hook-shaped lower jaw). Hookah ‘water-pipe’ [18], incidentally, has no etymological connection with hook; it comes via Urdu from Arabic huqqah ‘small box’.
=> hake, hank
hook (n.)
Old English hoc "hook, angle," perhaps related to Old English haca "bolt," from Proto-Germanic *hokaz/*hakan (cognates: Old Frisian hok, Middle Dutch hoek, Dutch haak, German Haken "hook"), from PIE *keg- "hook, tooth" (cognates: Russian kogot "claw"). For spelling, see hood (n.1).

Boxing sense of "short, swinging blow with the elbow bent" is from 1898. Figurative sense was in Middle English (see hooker). By hook or by crook (late 14c.) probably alludes to tools of professional thieves. Hook, line, and sinker "completely" is 1838, a metaphor from angling.
hook (v.)
"to bend like a hook," c. 1200; see hook (n.). Meaning "to catch (a fish) with a hook" is from c. 1300. Related: Hooked; hooking.
1. Water and electric hook-ups are available and facilities are good.
水和电都可以接通,设施也很不错。

来自柯林斯例句

2. Lewis desperately needs to keep clear of Ruddock's big left hook.
刘易斯无论如何得躲开拉多克凌厉的左钩拳才行。

来自柯林斯例句

3. He disconnected the IV bottle from the overhead hook.
他把静脉滴注瓶从头顶的钩子上拿下来。

来自柯林斯例句

4. The film "Hook" opens across America on December 11.
电影《铁钩船长》12月11日在美国全线上映。

来自柯林斯例句

5. They intend to get their way, by hook or by crook.
为达到目的,他们不择手段。

来自柯林斯例句

[ hook 造句 ]