- n. 起重机；升起，吊起
- vi. 升起；吊起
- vt. （用绳索，起重机等）使升起
- n. (Hoist)人名；(英)霍伊斯特
CET6 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研
2. crane => hoist.
3. heave => hoist.
5. hoise => hoising (谐音“何以升”) => hoist.
- hoist:  The history of hoist cannot be traced back very far. It is an alteration of a now defunct hoise (probably due to the mistaking of the past form hoised for a present form), which itself was an alteration of an earlier heise. This probably came from, or at least was related to, Dutch hijsen or Low German hissen ‘raise’. Heist ‘robbery, hold-up’ , which originated in the USA, is a variant of hoist, and perhaps represents a survival of heise.
- hoist (v.)
- 1540s, "to raise," earlier hoise (c. 1500), probably originally past tense of Middle English hysse (late 15c.), which is probably from Middle Dutch hyssen (Dutch hijsen) "to hoist," related to Low German hissen and Old Norse hissa upp "raise." A nautical word found in most European languages (French hisser, Italian issare, Spanish izar), but it is uncertain which had it first. Related: Hoisted; hoisting. In phrase hoist with one's own petard, it is the past participle.
For 'tis the sport, to have the engineer
Meaning "to lift and remove" was prevalent c. 1550-1750. As a noun, 1650s, from the verb.
Hoist with his own petar: and it shall go hard
But I will delve one yard below their mines,
And blow them at the moon: O 'tis most sweet,
When in one line two crafts directly meet.
["Hamlet," Act III, Scene iv]
- 1. Materials are elevated to the top floor by the new hoist.
- 2. Hoist the flag to the top of the pole.
- 3. By using a hoist the movers were able to sling the piano to the third floor.
- 4. The students were hoist by their own petards, however, as Granada decided to transmit the programme anyway.
- 5. It was indeed a clever plan to entrap his opponent, but in the end he was hoist by his own petard.
- 设圈套陷害他的对手固然是个妙计, 可是到头来却是作法自毙.
[ hoist 造句 ]