help

英 [help] 美 [hɛlp]
  • vt. 帮助;促进;治疗;补救
  • n. 帮助;补救办法;帮忙者;有益的东西
  • vi. 帮助;有用;招待
  • n. (Help)人名;(芬)海尔普
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
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help 帮助

来自古英语helpan,帮助,支持,来自PIE*kelp,支持,抓,握,词源同helm,helve.

help
help: [OE] Today, help is essentially a Germanic word. Related forms such as German helfen, Dutch helpen, Swedish hjälpa, and Danish hjælpe point to a Germanic ancestor *khelp-. But there is one clue – Lithuanian shélpti ‘help, support’ – that suggests that formerly it may have been much more widespread throughout the Indo-European languages, and came from an Indo-European source *kelp-.
help (v.)
Old English helpan (class III strong verb; past tense healp, past participle holpen) "help, support, succor; benefit, do good to; cure, amend," from Proto-Germanic *helpan (cognates: Old Norse hjalpa, Old Frisian helpa, Middle Dutch and Dutch helpen, Old High German helfan, German helfen), from PIE root *kelb- "to help" (cognates: Lithuanian selpiu "to support, help").

Recorded as a cry of distress from late 14c. Sense of "serve someone with food at table" (1680s) is translated from French servir "to help, stead, avail," and led to helping "portion of food." Related: Helped (c. 1300). The Middle English past participle holpen survives in biblical and U.S. dialectal use.
help (n.)
Old English help (m.), helpe (f.) "assistance, succor;" see help (v.). Most Germanic languages also have the noun form, such as Old Norse hjalp, Swedish hjälp, Old Frisian helpe, Dutch hulp, Old High German helfa, German Hilfe. Use of help as euphemism for "servant" is American English, 1640s, tied up in notions of class and race.
A domestic servant of American birth, and without negro blood in his or her veins ... is not a servant, but a 'help.' 'Help wanted,' is the common heading of advertisements in the North, when servants are required. [Chas. Mackay, "Life and Liberty in America," 1859].
Though help also meant "assistant, helper, supporter" in Middle English (c. 1200).
1. Ellery's return will help to chase away some of the gloom.
埃勒里的归来可以驱散一些抑郁的情绪。

来自柯林斯例句

2. Daily facial exercises help her to retain the skin's elasticity.
每天做面部运动帮助她保持皮肤弹性。

来自柯林斯例句

3. Sheila had an ulterior motive for trying to help Stan.
希拉想帮助斯坦是另有所图的。

来自柯林斯例句

4. Sex education is also expected to help check the spread of AIDS.
人们还希望性教育有助于控制艾滋病的蔓延。

来自柯林斯例句

5. Four of them had gone off to find help.
他们中的4个人去寻求帮助了。

来自柯林斯例句

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