- n. 脚后跟；踵
- vt. 倾侧
- vi. 倾侧
- n. (Heel)人名；(德)黑尔
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
2. high heel 高跟鞋.
3. heels 高跟鞋.
4. 阿喀琉斯之踵（Achilles' Heel），原指阿喀琉斯的脚跟，因是其唯一一个没有浸泡到神水的地方，是他唯一的弱点。后来在特洛伊战争中被人射中致命，现在一般是指致命的弱点，要害。
- heel: English has two separate words heel. The one that names the rear part of the foot [OE] comes ultimately from Germanic *khangkh-, which also produced English hock ‘quadruped’s joint corresponding to the human ankle’. From it was derived *khākhil-, source of Dutch hiel, Swedish häl, Danish hæl, and English heel. Heel ‘tilt, list’  is probably descended from the Old English verb hieldan ‘incline’ (which survived dialectally into the 19th century), its -d mistaken as a past tense or past participle ending and removed to form a new infinitive. Hieldan itself came ultimately from the prehistoric Germanic adjective *khalthaz ‘inclined’.
- heel (n.1)
- "back of the foot," Old English hela, from Proto-Germanic *hanhilon (cognates: Old Norse hæll, Old Frisian hel, Dutch hiel), from PIE *kenk- (3) "heel, bend of the knee" (source also of Old English hoh "hock").
Meaning "back of a shoe or boot" is c. 1400. Down at heels (1732) refers to heels of boots or shoes worn down and the owner too poor to replace them. For Achilles' heel "only vulnerable spot" see Achilles. To "fight with (one's) heels" (fighten with heles) in Middle English meant "to run away."
- heel (v.2)
- "to lean to one side," in reference to a ship, Old English hieldan "incline, lean, slope," from Proto-Germanic *helthijan (cognates: Middle Dutch helden "to lean," Dutch hellen, Old Norse hallr "inclined," Old High German halda, German halde "slope, declivity"). Re-spelled 16c. from Middle English hield, probably by misinterpretation of -d as a past tense suffix.
- heel (n.2)
- "contemptible person," 1914 in U.S. underworld slang, originally "incompetent or worthless criminal," perhaps from a sense of "person in the lowest position" and thus from heel (n.1).
- heel (v.1)
- of a dog, "to follow or stop at a person's heels," 1810, from heel (n.1). Also see heeled.
- 1. With a snarl, the second dog made a dive for his heel.
- 2. Horton's Achilles heel was that he could not delegate.
- 3. She snagged a heel on a root and tumbled to the ground.
- 4. He simply turned on his heel and walked away.
- 5. Her dog yelped and came to heel.
[ heel 造句 ]