hectic

英 ['hektɪk] 美 ['hɛktɪk]
  • n. 脸红;患肺结核
  • adj. 兴奋的,狂热的;脸上发红;肺病的;忙碌的
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1. Greek ekhein "have, hold, keep, possess, continue" => ech-, och-, uch- , hect- => synechia, epoch, eunuch, hectic, hector.
hectic 忙碌的,繁忙的,因患肺病持续发烧的

来自希腊语ekhein,持有,保持,持续,词源同scheme,hector.引申词义持续的,忙碌的。发烧义缩写自hectic fever,原用于指肺结核的症状。

hectic
hectic: [14] The use of hectic for referring to ‘great haste or confusion’ is a surprisingly recent development, not recorded before the first decade of the 20th century. It originally meant in English ‘suffering from fever, particularly of the sort that characterizes tuberculosis or septicaemia’ (the metaphorical progression to ‘feverishly active’ is an obvious one). English acquired the word via Old French etique and late Latin hecticus from Greek hektikós, which meant literally ‘habitual’, and hence ‘suffering from a habitual or recurrent fever, consumptive’.

It was a derivative of héxis ‘condition, habit’, which in turn was formed from the verb ékhein ‘hold, be in a particular condition’, which has also given English epoch. (The original English form of the word was etik; hectic represents a 16th-century return to the Latin form.)

hectic (adj.)
late 14c., etik (in fever etik), from Old French etique "consumptive," from Late Latin hecticus, from Greek hektikos "continuous, habitual, consumptive" (of a disease, because of the constant fever), from hexis "a habit (of mind or body)," from ekhein "have, hold, continue" (see scheme).

The Latin -h- was restored in English 16c. Sense of "feverishly exciting, full of disorganized activity" first recorded 1904, but hectic also was used in Middle English as a noun meaning "feverish desire, consuming passion" (early 15c.). Hectic fevers are characterized by rapid pulse, among other symptoms. Related: Hecticness.
1. My life was very hectic but empty before I met him.
在遇到他之前,我的生活非常繁忙却很空虚。

来自柯林斯例句

2. Despite his hectic work schedule, Benny has rarely suffered poor health.
尽管工作繁忙,本尼却少有身体不好的时候。

来自柯林斯例句

3. They are busy preparing for a hectic day's activity on Saturday.
他们正忙着准备周六一整天都安排满了的活动。

来自柯林斯例句

4. The last few weeks have been hectic.
过去几周一直忙得不可开交。

来自柯林斯例句

5. We both have such hectic schedules.
我们俩日程安排得都很紧。

来自柯林斯例句

[ hectic 造句 ]