head

英 [hed] 美 [hɛd]
  • n. 头;头痛;上端;最前的部分;理解力
  • vt. 前进;用头顶;作为…的首领;站在…的前头;给…加标题
  • vi. 出发;成头状物;船驶往
  • adj. 头的;主要的;在顶端的
  • n. (Head)人名;(英)黑德
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
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head

来自PIE*caput,头,词源同captain,capital.

head
head: [OE] The word head can be traced back ultimately to Indo-European *kauput-, *kaupet-, which probably had connotations of ‘bowl’ (as in ‘skull’) as well as ‘head’, although which came first is not clear. From it was descended prehistoric Germanic *khaubutham, *khaubitham, which produced German haupt, Dutch hoofd, Swedish huvud, and English head.

A variant of the Indo-European ancestor, *kaput-, seems to have been responsible for the Latin word for ‘head’, caput (source of a wide range of English words, including capillary, capital, captain, and chief), and also for Sanskrit kapucchala- ‘hair at the back of the head’ and Danish hoved ‘head’. And a further related form, *keup-, produced English hive, Latin cūpa ‘barrel’, and medieval Latin cuppa (source of English cup and German kopf ‘head’).

=> capital, captain, chief, cup
head (n.)
Old English heafod "top of the body," also "upper end of a slope," also "chief person, leader, ruler; capital city," from Proto-Germanic *haubudam (cognates: Old Saxon hobid, Old Norse hofuð, Old Frisian haved, Middle Dutch hovet, Dutch hoofd, Old High German houbit, German Haupt, Gothic haubiþ "head"), from PIE *kaput- "head" (cognates: Sanskrit kaput-, Latin caput "head").

Modern spelling is early 15c., representing what was then a long vowel (as in heat) and remained after pronunciation shifted. Of rounded tops of plants from late 14c. Meaning "origin of a river" is mid-14c. Meaning "obverse of a coin" (the side with the portrait) is from 1680s; meaning "foam on a mug of beer" is first attested 1540s; meaning "toilet" is from 1748, based on location of crew toilet in the bow (or head) of a ship.

Synechdochic use for "person" (as in head count) is first attested late 13c.; of cattle, etc., in this sense from 1510s. As a height measure of persons, from c. 1300. Meaning "drug addict" (usually in a compound with the preferred drug as the first element) is from 1911.

To be over (one's) head "beyond one's comprehension" is by 1620s. To give head "perform fellatio" is from 1950s. Phrase heads will roll "people will be punished" (1930) translates Adolf Hitler. Head case "eccentric or insane person" is from 1979. Head game "mental manipulation" attested by 1972.
head (v.)
"to be at the head or in the lead," c. 1200, from head (n.). Meaning "to direct the head (toward)" is from c. 1600. Related: headed, heading. The earliest use of the word as a verb meant "behead" (Old English heafdian). Verbal phrase head up "supervise, direct" is attested by 1930.
head (adj.)
"most important, principal, leading," c. 1200, from head (n.). Old English heafod was used in this sense in compounds.
1. He won a head-to-head battle with NF leader Jean-Marie Le Pen.
他在和国民阵线领袖让-马里·勒庞的正面交锋中获得了胜利。

来自柯林斯例句

2. I let the horse drop his head to crop the spring grass.
我让马低下头啃吃春天的青草。

来自柯林斯例句

3. His head was swathed in bandages made from a torn sheet.
他的头上缠满了一层层用床单撕成的绷带。

来自柯林斯例句

4. That song has stuck in my head for years.
那首歌多年来一直铭记在我心中。

来自柯林斯例句

5. Any head teacher who made errors like this would be chucked out.
哪个校长只要犯了这样的错误都会被开除。

来自柯林斯例句

[ head 造句 ]