haughtiness

['hɔ:tinis]
  • n. 傲慢;不逊
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1. Old French haut => haught, Spelling altered by influence of caught, naught, etc.
2. alt- => h- + aut- => haut => haught.
3. with initial h- by influence of Frankish hoh "high". 由于hoh与high好像是同源的,因此这里直接简单地说成取单词high的首字母,前面的h-是受单词high的影响,应该是起一个同义加强的作用,就像我们汉语里面有很多词、成语就是由两个同义的词叠加在一起,起一个同义加强的作用。还可能是出于特定的构词习惯等原因。
4. haught + -y => haughty, on model of might/mighty, naught/naughty, etc.
5. => "high in one's own estimation".
6. haughty变y为i加-ness.
haughtiness (n.)
1550s, from haughty + -ness. Earlier was haughtness (late 15c.), from haut (adj.).
1. Haughtiness invites disaster , humility receives benefit.
满招损, 谦受益.

来自《简明英汉词典》

2. Finally he came to realize it was his haughtiness that held people off.
他终于意识到是他的傲慢态度使人不敢同他接近.

来自《简明英汉词典》

3. His haughtiness makes it difficult for the masses to approach him.
他的高傲神气使群众难以接近.

来自辞典例句

4. They look down upon men with haughtiness.
他们睥睨人世.

来自辞典例句

5. Haughtiness chisels its anger in marble, and love covers it with flowers.
傲慢在大理石上砍凿出愤怒的裂痕, 爱用鲜花掩盖这道伤痕.

来自互联网

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