hamper

英 ['hæmpə] 美 ['hæmpɚ]
  • vt. 妨碍;束缚;使困累
  • n. 食盒,食篮;阻碍物
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hamper 带盖大篮子,妨碍,阻止

来自古法语hanap,杯子,酒杯,后引申词义装杯子的大篮子。防碍义词源不详,参照习语basket case,困境。

hamper (v.)
late 14c., hampren "to surround, imprison, confine," also "to pack in a container;" of uncertain origin; probably from hamper (n.1), unless it is somehow connected to Middle English hamelian "to maim." Meaning "impede in motion or progress" is from late 14c. Related: Hampered; hampering.
hamper (n.1)
"large basket," early 14c., hampyre, probably a contraction of Anglo-French hanaper (Anglo-Latin hanepario), from Old French hanepier "case for holding a large goblet or cup;" in medical use "skull," also "helmet; armored leather cap," from hanap "goblet, chalice," from Frankish or some other Germanic source (cognates: Old Saxon hnapp "cup, bowl;" Old High German hnapf, German Napf, Old English hnæpp). The first -a- may be a French attempt to render Germanic hn- into an acceptable Romanic form. The English word also meant "the department of Chancery into which fees were paid for sealing and enrolling charters, etc." (15c.).
hamper (n.2)
"things important for a ship but in the way at certain times" (Klein's definition), 1835, from hamper (n.) "a fetter, shackles," from French hamper "to impede." Hence top hamper, originally "upper masts, spars, rigging, etc. of a sailing ship."
1. Before entering the bathroom, he emptied his dirty laundry into the hamper.
进浴室前,他把脏衣服全都放进洗衣筐里。

来自柯林斯例句

2. I hastily packed the hamper and lugged it to the car.
我匆忙装好食品篮,吃力地把它拎上车子。

来自柯林斯例句

3. The lobby is trying to hamper the policy of the U.S. government.
院外集团企图牵制美国政府的政策.

来自《现代汉英综合大词典》

4. There are some apples in a picnic hamper.
在野餐用的大篮子里有许多苹果.

来自《简明英汉词典》

5. Police should have the power to fine people who hamper rescue efforts. In fact I'd throw them into prison for a night.
警察应该有权对妨碍救援的人处以罚款。其实要是换了我,非关他们一宿不可。

来自柯林斯例句

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