hamburger

英 ['hæmbɜːgə] 美 ['hæmbɝɡɚ]
  • n. 汉堡包,汉堡;牛肉饼,肉饼;碎牛肉
  • n. (Hamburger)人名;(英)汉堡;(瑞典)汉布里耶;(德)汉布格尔
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1. 音译“汉堡包”。
hamburger 汉堡包

来自Hamburg,德国城市汉堡。通常认为因19世纪大量德国汉堡移民将这种食物引进美国而得名,并由该词衍生后缀-burger,包子。

hamburger
hamburger: [19] As its inherent beefiness amply demonstrates, the hamburger has nothing to do with ham. It originated in the German city and port of Hamburg. The fashioning of conveniently sized patties was a common way of dealing with minced beef in northern Europe and the Baltic in the 19th century, and it appears that German sailors or emigrants took the delicacy across the Atlantic with them to America.

There it was called a Hamburg steak or, using the German adjectival form, a Hamburger steak. That term is first recorded in the late 1880s, and by the first decade of the 20th century the steak had been dropped. By the 1930s the hamburger had become an American fast-food staple, and products similar in concept but with different ingredients inspired variations on its name: beefburger, cheeseburger, steakburger, and so on; and by the end of the decade plain burger was well established in the language.

hamburger (n.)
1610s, Hamburger "native of Hamburg." Also used of ships from Hamburg. From 1838 as a type of excellent black grape indigenous to Tyrolia; 1857 as a variety of hen; the meat product so called from 1880 (as hamburg steak), named for the German city, though no certain connection has ever been put forth, and there may not be one unless it be that Hamburg was a major port of departure for German immigrants to United States. Meaning "a sandwich consisting of a bun and a patty of grilled hamburger meat" attested by 1909, short for hamburger sandwich (1902). Shortened form burger attested from 1939; beefburger was attempted 1940, in an attempt to make the main ingredient more explicit, after the -burger had taken on a life of its own as a suffix (compare cheeseburger, first attested 1938).
1. Avoid unhealthy foods such as hamburger and chips.
不要吃不健康食品,如汉堡和薯条。

来自柯林斯例句

2. We stopped at a drive-in for a hamburger.
我们在一家“免下车”餐馆停下来吃汉堡包。

来自《权威词典》

3. a hamburger with all the fixings
有各种配料的汉堡包

来自《权威词典》

4. There was a hamburger stand at the entrance to the station.
车站入口处有一个卖汉堡的小摊.

来自《简明英汉词典》

5. I can hot the hamburger up in a minute.
我马上就能把汉堡包热好.

来自《简明英汉词典》

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