hail

英 [heɪl] 美 [hel]
  • n. 冰雹;致敬;招呼;一阵
  • vt. 致敬;招呼;向...欢呼;猛发;使象下雹样落下(过去式hailed,过去分词hailed,现在分词hailing,第三人称单数hails)
  • vi. 招呼;下雹
  • int. 万岁;欢迎
  • n. (Hail)人名;(阿拉伯、捷)海尔
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hail 欢呼,赞颂

来自古英语hals,健康,词源同holy,health.即祝您健康,引申词义欢呼,赞颂。比较汉语万岁,万岁,万万岁。

hail 冰雹

来自古英语hagol,冰雹,进一步可能来自PIE*kaghlo,小石子,鹅卵石,或来自PIE*kel, 冷,词源同cold,glacier.字母g脱落,拼写演变比较nail,rule.

hail
hail: Not surprisingly, hail ‘frozen rain’ [OE] and hail ‘call out’ [12] are quite unrelated. The former, together with its German and Dutch relative hagel, comes from a prehistoric West Germanic *hagalaz, which is related ultimately to Greek kákhlēx ‘pebble’. The verb hail is closely related to hale and whole. It comes from the noun hail, which in turn was a nominal use of the now obsolete adjective hail ‘healthy’ (preserved in wassail, literally ‘be healthy’). This was borrowed from heill, the Old Norse counterpart of English whole.
=> hale, wassail, whole
hail (interj.)
salutation in greeting, c. 1200, from Old Norse heill "health, prosperity, good luck," or a similar Scandinavian source, and in part from Old English shortening of wæs hæil "be healthy" (see health; and compare wassail).
The interj. hail is thus an abbreviated sentence expressing a wish, 'be whole,' i. e., be in good health, and equiv. to L. salve, plural salvete, or ave, plural avete .... [Century Dictionary]
hail (n.)
"frozen rain, pellets of ice falling in showers," Old English hægl, hagol (Mercian hegel) "hail, hailstorm," also the name of the rune for H, from Proto-Germanic *haglaz (cognates: Old Frisian heil, Old Saxon, Old High German hagal, Old Norse hagl, German Hagel "hail"), probably from PIE *kaghlo- "pebble" (cognates: Greek kakhlex "round pebble").
hail (v.1)
"to greet or address with 'hail!,'" also "to drink toasts," c. 1200, heilen; to call to from a distance," 1560s (in this sense originally nautical), from hail (interj.). Related: Hailed; hailing. Hail fellow well met is from 1580s as a descriptive adjective, from a familiar greeting; hail fellow (adj.) "overly familiar" is from 1570s. Hail Mary (c. 1300) is the angelic salutation (Latin ave Maria) in Luke i:58, used as a devotional recitation. As a desperation play in U.S. football, attested by 1940. To hail from is 1841, originally nautical. "Hail, Columbia," the popular patriotic song, also was a euphemism for "hell" in American English slang from c. 1850-1910.
hail (v.2)
Old English hagalian "to fall as hail," from root of hail (n.). Related: Hailed; hailing. Figurative use from mid-15c.
1. The victim was hit by a hail of bullets.
受害者被一阵弹雨击中。

来自柯林斯例句

2. This is a film which seems to hail from the hippie era.
这看起来是一部嬉皮士时代的影片。

来自柯林斯例句

3. Hail to the new champion Bengali D'Albret.
向新科冠军本·贾利·达阿尔布雷致敬。

来自柯林斯例句

4. I hail from Brighton.
我来自布赖顿。

来自柯林斯例句

5. I hurried away to hail a taxi.
我赶紧去叫出租车。

来自柯林斯例句

[ hail 造句 ]