- n. 内脏；肠子；剧情；胆量；海峡；勇气；直觉；肠
- vt. 取出内脏；摧毁（建筑物等）的内部
- adj. 简单的；本质的，根本的；本能的，直觉的
- n. （德、俄、意、葡、塞、捷、匈、瑞典）古特（人名）；（英）格特（人名）
CET6+ TEM4 考 研
来自PIE*gheu, 涌出，倾泻，词源同foundry, gush, gust. 用于解剖学术语。肠道在古代医字观念被认为是情感所在之地，引申义勇气。
- gut: [OE] Gut probably comes ultimately from prehistoric Indo-European *gh(e)u- ‘pour’ (source also of English foundry, funnel, fusion, etc), and presumably has the underlying meaning ‘tube through which digested food flows’. From the same source came Greek khūmós ‘animal or plant juice’, from which English got the technical term chyme ‘mass of semidigested food in the stomach’ . The use of the plural guts for ‘vigour’ or ‘courage’ dates from the late 19th century.
=> foundry, funnel, fusion
- gut (n.)
- Old English guttas (plural) "bowels, entrails," literally "a channel," related to geotan "to pour," from Proto-Germanic *gut-, from PIE *gheu- "pour" (see found (v.2)). Related to Middle Dutch gote, Dutch goot, German Gosse "gutter, drain," Middle English gote "channel, stream." Meaning "abdomen, belly" is from late 14c. Meaning "narrow passage in a body of water" is from 1530s. Meaning "easy college course" is student slang from 1916, probably from obsolete slang sense of "feast" (the connecting notion is "something that one can eat up"). Sense of "inside contents of anything" (usually plural) is from 1570s. To hate (someone's) guts is first attested 1918. The notion of the intestines as a seat of emotions is ancient (see bowel) and probably explains expressions such as gut reaction (1963), gut feeling (by 1970), and compare guts. Gut check attested by 1976.
- gut (v.)
- "remove the guts of" (fish, etc.), late 14c., from gut (n.); figurative use "plunder the contents of" is by 1680s. Related: Gutted; gutting.
- 1. "Is it right she belted old George in the gut?" she asked.
- 2. Let's have your gut reaction to the facts as we know them.
- 3. His gut sagged out over his belt.
- 4. The questions are too gut for us.
- 5. The invaders gut ted the village.
[ gut 造句 ]