CET6+ TEM4 IELTS GRE TOEFL
1、from dreor "blood"; from dreosan (past participle droren) "fall, drop, decline, fail,"; from PIE root *dhreu- "to fall, drop, flow, drip, droop".
2、The word has lost its original sense of "dripping blood.".
3、其它具有同源性的相关词：drizzle, drip, drop, droop, drowsy.
4. 枯 --》就是枯萎，因为干燥才会枯萎，燥 --》本身就是干燥的意思。所以枯燥本身就表示很干、干巴巴的意思，所以：dry + ear => drear => dreary => 听得耳朵都干巴巴的、听起来很“干”。
来自PIE*dhreu, 滴，掉落，词源同drip, drop. 原义为滴血的，引申义沉闷的，阴深的。
- dreary: [OE] In Old English, dreary (or drēorig, as it then was) meant ‘dripping with blood, gory’, but its etymological connections are with ‘dripping, falling’ rather than with ‘blood’. It goes back to a West Germanic base *dreuz-, *drauz- which also produced Old English drēosna ‘drop, fall’, probably the ultimate source of drizzle  and drowsy.
The literal sense ‘bloody’ disappeared before the end of the Old English period in the face of successive metaphorical extensions: ‘dire, horrid’; ‘sad’ (echoed in the related German traurig ‘sad’); and, in the 17th century, the main modern sense ‘gloomy, dull’. Drear is a conscious archaism, created from dreary in the 17th century.
=> drizzle, drowsy
- dreary (adj.)
- Old English dreorig "sad, sorrowful," originally "cruel, bloody, blood-stained," from dreor "gore, blood," from (ge)dreosan (past participle droren) "fall, decline, fail," from Proto-Germanic *dreuzas (cognates: Old Norse dreyrigr "gory, bloody," and more remotely, German traurig "sad, sorrowful"), from PIE root *dhreu- "to fall, flow, drip, droop" (see drip (v.)).
The word has lost its original sense of "dripping blood." Sense of "dismal, gloomy" first recorded 1667 in "Paradise Lost," but Old English had a related verb drysmian "become gloomy."
- 1. a dreary winter's day
- 2. The otherwise dreary book is enlivened by some very amusing illustrations.
- 3. His speech was dreary.
- 4. So a dreary Monday afternoon in Walthamstow is nothing to write home about, right?
- 5. She was tired of hearing the same dreary tale of drunkenness and violence.
[ dreary 造句 ]