- n. 码头；船坞；被告席；尾巴的骨肉部分
- vt. 使靠码头；剪短
- vi. 入船坞
- n. (Dock)人名；(老)多；(英、法、瑞典)多克
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来自词根duc, 引导，词源同duke, conduct. 用于指码头，船坞。
- dock: English has no fewer than four distinct words dock. The oldest is the plant-name, which comes from Old English docce. Dock for ships  was borrowed from Middle Low German or Middle Dutch docke, which may have come from Vulgar Latin *ductia ‘duct, conduit’, a hypothetical derivative of Latin dūcere ‘lead’ (source of English, duke, educate, etc). Dock ‘cut off’  was originally a verbal application of the noun dock ‘horse’s short tail’, which appears to go back to a Germanic *dukk- ‘bundle’; it may be the source of docket . Dock for prisoners  was originally thieves’ slang, borrowed from Flemish dok ‘cage’.
=> duke, educate, induce; docket
- dock (n.1)
- "ship's berth," late 15c., from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German docke, perhaps ultimately (via Late Latin *ductia "aqueduct") from Latin ducere "to lead" (see duke (n.)); or possibly from a Scandinavian word for "low ground" (compare Norwegian dokk "hollow, low ground"). Original sense perhaps "furrow a grounded vessel makes in a mud bank." As a verb from 1510s. Related: Docked; docking.
- dock (n.2)
- "where accused stands in court," 1580s, originally rogue's slang, from Flemish dok "pen or cage for animals," origin unknown.
- dock (v.)
- "cut an animal's tail," late 14c., from dok (n.) "fleshy part of an animal's tail" (mid-14c.), related to Old English -docca "muscle," from Proto-Germanic *dokko "something round, bundle" (cognates: Old Norse dokka "bundle, girl," Danish dukke "doll," German Docke "small column, bundle, doll, smart girl"). Meaning "to reduce (someone's) pay for some infraction" is first recorded 1822. Related: Docked; docking.
- dock (n.3)
- name for various tall, coarse weeds, Old English docce, from Proto-Germanic *dokkon (cognates: Middle Dutch docke-, German Docken-, Old Danish dokka), akin to Middle High German tocke "bundle, tuft," and ultimately to the noun source of dock (v.).
- 1. The truck left the loading dock with hoses still attached.
- 2. He threatens to dock her fee.
- 3. To dock points would be wrong.
- 4. The ship was in dock .
- 5. We took the children to the dock to see the ships.
[ dock 造句 ]