- vt. 在…上掘沟；把…开入沟里；丢弃
- vi. 开沟；掘沟
- n. 沟渠；壕沟
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 CET6
1. k ----------------> ch/tch.
2. dike => ditch.
词源同dig, dike. 插入字母t, 比较bake, batch.
- ditch: [OE] Like its close relative dyke , ditch probably comes ultimately from a long-lost language once spoken on the shores of the Baltic. Its source-word seems to have represented an all-embracing notion of ‘excavation’, including not just the hole dug but also the mound formed from the excavated earth (which perhaps supports the suggestion that dig belongs to the same word-family). This dichotomy of sense is preserved in dyke, whose original meaning, from Old Norse dík, was ‘ditch’, but which came in the 15th century to denote ‘embankment’ (probably under the influence of Middle Dutch dijc ‘dam’).
=> dig, dyke
- ditch (n.)
- Old English dic "ditch, dike," a variant of dike (q.v.). Last ditch (1715) refers to the last line of military defenses.
- ditch (v.)
- late 14c., "surround with a ditch; dig a ditch;" from ditch (n.). Meaning "to throw into a ditch" is from 1816, hence sense of "abandon, discard," first recorded 1899 in American English. Of aircraft, by 1941. Related: Ditched; ditching.
- 1. I can't bring myself to ditch him and start again.
- 2. Below the bridge we could just discern a narrow, weedy ditch.
- 3. She underwent a heart transplant in a last-ditch attempt to save her.
- 4. The bicycle lay upended in a ditch.
- 5. With the blind leading the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
- 如果瞎子替瞎子带路的话, 那么两方肯定会掉到沟里.
[ ditch 造句 ]