CET6 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL
1. might(力量) => may => dismay.
2. dismal => dismay.
dis-, 不，非，使相反。-may, 权力，力量，词源同may, might. 原指剥夺权力或者力量，引申义灰心，丧气。
- dismay:  The underlying meaning of dismay is ‘deprive of power’ – its second syllable is ultimately the same word as the verb may. It comes via Old French desmaier from Vulgar Latin *dismagāre ‘deprive of power’, a compound verb formed from the prefix dis- ‘un-’ and the borrowed Germanic base *mag- ‘power, ability’ (source of English may).
- dismay (v.)
- late 13c., dismaien, from Old French *desmaier (attested only in past participle dismaye), from Latin de- intensive prefix + Old French esmaier "to trouble, disturb," from Vulgar Latin *exmagare "divest of power or ability" (source of Italian smagare "to weaken, dismay, discourage"), from ex- (see ex-) + Germanic stem *mag- "power, ability" (cognates: Old High German magen "to be powerful or able;" see may (v.)). Spanish desmayer "to be dispirited" is a loan word from Old French. Related: Dismayed; dismaying.
- dismay (n.)
- c. 1300, from dismay (v.).
- 1. The ministers expressed dismay at the continued practice of ethnic cleansing.
- 2. The European Court's decision has been greeted with dismay by fishermen.
- 3. The father's face stiffened with dismay.
- 4. Local councillors have reacted with dismay and indignation.
- 5. She could not hide her dismay at the result.
[ dismay 造句 ]