- adj. 凄凉的，忧郁的；阴沉的，沉闷的
- n. 低落的情绪
CET6+ TEM4 GRE TOEFL
1. Latin dies "days" (see diurnal) + mali, plural of malus "bad" (see mal-).
2. days => Latin dies.
3. days mal-.
4. Etymologically, dismal means 'bad days'.
来自拉丁语dies mali, 即malicious day. 后用做形容词，凄凉的，阴沉的。
- dismal:  Etymologically, dismal means ‘bad day’. It comes, via Anglo-Norman dis mal, from Latin diēs malī, literally ‘evil days’, a term used to denote the two days in each month which according to ancient superstition were supposed to be unlucky (these days, of set date, were said originally to have been computed by Egyptian astrologers, and were hence also called Egyptian days). The term dismal thus acquired connotations of ‘gloom’ and ‘calamity’. Its earliest adjectival use, somewhat tautologically, was in the phrase dismal day, but in the late 16th century it broadened out considerably in application.
- dismal (adj.)
- c. 1400, from Anglo-French dismal (mid-13c.), from Old French (li) dis mals "(the) bad days," from Medieval Latin dies mali "evil or unlucky days" (also called dies Ægyptiaci), from Latin dies "days" (see diurnal) + mali, plural of malus "bad" (see mal-).
Through the Middle Ages, calendars marked two days of each month as unlucky, supposedly based on the ancient calculations of Egyptian astrologers (Jan. 1, 25; Feb. 4, 26; March 1, 28; April 10, 20; May 3, 25; June 10, 16; July 13, 22; Aug. 1, 30; Sept. 3, 21; Oct. 3, 22; Nov. 5, 28; Dec. 7, 22). Modern sense of "gloomy, dreary" first recorded in English 1590s, in reference to sounds. Related: Dismally.
- 1. My prospects of returning to a suitable job are dismal.
- 2. You can't occupy yourself with dismal thoughts all the time.
- 3. It was a dismal failure.
- 4. The singer gave a dismal performance of some old songs.
- 5. That is a rather dismal melody.
[ dismal 造句 ]