英 [daɪ'dʒest; dɪ-]
- vt. 消化；吸收；融会贯通
- vi. 消化
- n. 文摘；摘要
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1、di- / dis- "apart" + gest- "carry".
dis-, 分开，散开。-gest,携带，含有，词源同ingest, gesture. 即带向不同方向，用于指消化，后也用于指文摘。
- digest:  English took the verb digest from dīgest-, the past participle of Latin dīgerere. This was a compound verb formed from the prefix dī- ‘apart’ and gerere ‘carry’, and originally meant ‘divide, distribute’ – a sense which developed via ‘dissolve’ into the specifically physiological ‘dissolve and obtain nutrients from food in the body’.
A further semantic offshoot of ‘distribute’ was ‘orderly arrangement’, and in fact the earliest use of the word in English was as the noun digest ‘summary of information’ , from Latin dīgesta, the neuter plural of the past participle, literally ‘things arranged’.
=> congest, gesture, ingest
- digest (n.)
- "collection of writing," late 14c., from Latin digesta, from neuter plural of digestus, literally "digested thing," noun use of past participle of digerere "to separate, divide, arrange," from dis- "apart" (see dis-) + gerere "to carry" (see gest).
- digest (v.)
- "assimilate food in bowels," late 14c., from Latin digestus (see digest (n.)). Related: Digested; digesting.
- 1. The organization publishes a regular digest of environmental statistics.
- 2. All this has upset me. I need time to digest it all.
- 3. She couldn't digest food properly.
- 4. Humans cannot digest plants such as grass.
- 5. It often takes a long time to digest new ideas.
[ digest 造句 ]