英 ['des(ə)lt(ə)rɪ; -z-]
de-, 向下，离开。-sult, 跳，词源同salmon, insult. 原指马戏团的驯马师玩把戏从一匹马跳到另一匹马，引申词义随意的。
- desultory:  Latin dēsultor designated a circus trick-rider who jumped from the back of one horse to another while they were galloping along (it was a derivative of dēsilīre, a compound verb formed from dē- ‘down’ and salīre ‘jump’, source of or related to English assail, assault, insult, salacious, salient, and sally). From it was derived an adjective dēsultōrius ‘jumping from one thing to another like a dēsultor’, hence ‘superficial’, and eventually ‘unmethodical, irregular’, the sense which survives in English.
=> assail, assault, insult, salacious, salient
- desultory (adj.)
- 1580s, "skipping about," from Latin desultorius "hasty, casual, superficial," adjective form of desultor (n.) "a rider in the circus who jumps from one horse to another while they are in gallop," from desul-, stem of desilire "jump down," from de- "down" (see de-) + salire "to jump, leap" (see salient (adj.)). Sense of "irregular, without aim or method" is c. 1740. Related: Desultorily; desultoriness.
- 1. I wandered about in a desultory fashion.
- 2. Do not let the discussion fragment into a desultory conversation with no clear direction.
- 3. Carrie followed up this desultory conversation with occasional interruptions from the Vances.
来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
- 4. The constables made a desultory attempt to keep them away from the barn.
- 5. Judith now entered into a desultory discourse with Deerslayer.
[ desultory 造句 ]