- vt. 源于；得自
- vi. 起源
- n. (Derive)人名；(法)德里夫
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 TOEFL CET6
de-, 从，向下，离开。-riv, 流动，词源同run, rivulet. 原指从源头处流下，引申义衍生于。
- derive:  Like rival, derive comes ultimately from Latin rīvus ‘stream’. This was used as the basis of a verb dērīvāre, formed with the prefix dē- ‘away’, which originally designated literally the ‘drawing off of water from a source’. This sense was subsequently generalized to ‘divert’, and extended figuratively to ‘derive’ (a metaphor reminiscent of spring from). English acquired the word via Old French deriver.
- derive (v.)
- late 14c., from Old French deriver "to flow, pour out; derive, originate," from Latin derivare "to lead or draw off (a stream of water) from its source" (in Late Latin also "to derive"), from phrase de rivo (de "from" + rivus "stream;" see rivulet). Etymological sense is 1550s. Related: Derived; deriving.
- 1. Most patients derive enjoyment from leafing through old picture albums.
- 2. Nor does scientific knowledge derive straightforwardly from experiments and observations.
- 3. Females and cubs clearly derive some benefit from living in groups.
- 4. It is valid to consider memory the oldest mental skill, from which all others derive.
- 5. Mr Ying is one of those happy people who derive pleasure from helping others.
[ derive 造句 ]