CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 CET6
1. de- "away, off" + put- "cut, prune" + -y.
2. literally "cut off, cut away, prune".
4. => allot, assign, appoint.
5. => one given the full power of an officer without holding the office.
- deputy:  A deputy is literally ‘someone who has been deputed to act on someone else’s behalf’. It represents a reformulation of the Middle English noun depute. This was borrowed from the past participle of Old French deputer (source of the English verb depute  and hence of deputation ), which in turn came from late Latin dēputāre ‘assign, allot’.
In classical times this meant literally ‘cut off’ (it was a compound verb formed from the prefix dē- ‘off’ and putāre, which meant ‘cut’ – as in amputate – as well as ‘esteem, consider, reckon, think’ – as in compute, dispute, impute, and repute).
=> amputate, compute, count, dispute, impute, putative, repute
- deputy (n.)
- c. 1400, "one given the full power of an officer without holding the office," from Anglo-French deputé, noun use of past participle of Middle French députer "appoint, assign" (14c.), from Late Latin deputare "to destine, allot," in classical Latin "to esteem, consider, consider as," literally "to cut off, prune," from de- "away" (see de-) + putare "to think, count, consider," literally "to cut, prune" (see pave).
- 1. She was so disloyal to her deputy she made his position untenable.
- 2. The Deputy Commander has condemned this weekend's protest as deliberate provocation.
- 3. He was given the title of deputy prime minister.
- 4. The deputy leader is cautious about loosening the links with the unions.
- 5. I decided to put in for a job as deputy secretary.
[ deputy 造句 ]