de-, 夺去，损毁。funct-, 功能，词源同function.
- defunct:  The -funct in defunct is the same ultimately as that in function and perfunctory. It comes from the past participle of Latin fungī ‘perform, discharge’. In combination with the intensive prefix dē- this produced dēfunctus ‘discharged, finished’, hence ‘dead’, which was borrowed directly into English.
=> function, perfunctory
- defunct (adj.)
- 1590s, from Old French defunct (14c., Modern French defunt) or directly from Latin defunctus "dead," literally "off-duty," from past participle of defungi "to discharge, finish," from de- "off, completely" (see de-) + fungi "perform or discharge duty," from PIE root *bheug- (2) "to enjoy" (see brook (v.)).
- 1. They bought all their equipment from a defunct brewery in Manhattan.
- 2. The scheme for building an airport seems to be completely defunct now.
- 3. Most of the time of the defunct had been passed in helping himself.
- 4. A family name becomes defunct when the only heir dies any son.
- 5. My November submission for the now defunct Monthly Character Exchange.
[ defunct 造句 ]