deck

英 [dek] 美 [dɛk]
  • n. 甲板;行李仓;露天平台
  • vt. 装饰;装甲板;打扮
  • n. (Deck)人名;(英、法、德)德克
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deck 甲板

来自PIE*steg, 覆盖,词源同thatch, detective. 引申义甲板。

deck
deck: [15] Ultimately, deck (both the noun and the verb) is the same word as thatch. The meaning element they share is of a ‘covering over the top’. The noun was borrowed from Middle Dutch dec, which meant ‘covering’ in general, and more specifically ‘roof’ and ‘cloak’ (its ultimate source was Germanic *thakjam, source of English thatch).

Its modern nautical sense did not develop in English until the early 16th century, and as its antecedents suggest, its original signification was of a covering, perhaps of canvas or tarpaulin, for a boat. Only gradually has the perception of it changed from a roof protecting what is beneath to a floor for those walking above. The word’s application to a pack of cards, which dates from the 16th century, perhaps comes from the notion of the cards in a pile being on top of one another like the successive decks of a ship.

The verb deck [16] comes from Middle Dutch dekken ‘cover’.

=> detect, thatch, toga
deck (n.)
"covering over part of a ship," mid-15c., perhaps a shortening of Middle Low German verdeck (or a related North Sea Germanic word), a nautical word, from ver- "fore" + decken "to cover, put under roof," from Proto-Germanic *thakjan (related to thatch, q.v.).

Sense extended early in English from "covering" to "platform of a ship." "Pack of cards" is 1590s, perhaps because they were stacked like decks of a ship. Deck chair (1884) so called because they were used on ocean liners. Tape deck (1949) is in reference to the flat surface of old reel-to-reel tape recorders.
deck (v.2)
"knock down," c. 1953, probably from deck (n.) on the notion of laying someone out on the deck. Related: Decked; decking.
deck (v.1)
"adorn" (as in deck the halls), early 15c., from Middle Dutch dekken "to cover," from the same Germanic root as deck (n.). Meaning "to cover" is from 1510s in English. Replaced Old English þeccan. Related: Decked; decking.
1. All deck fittings, windows, hatches and doors had been fastened.
甲板上所有的装置、窗户、舱口盖和门都已经关牢了。

来自柯林斯例句

2. Steamers tooted at us as sailors on deck waved in amusement.
汽船向我们嘟嘟鸣笛时,甲板上的水手们饶有趣味地挥着手。

来自柯林斯例句

3. This boat has a good deck layout making everything easy to operate.
这艘船的甲板布局合理,使得所有操控都很方便。

来自柯林斯例句

4. Lots of pubs like to deck themselves out with flowers in summer.
夏日里有许多酒吧喜欢用鲜花来装饰店面。

来自柯林斯例句

5. On the ship's deck, after the whoops and hollers, the butchering begins.
在甲板上,一阵欢呼喧嚷过后,屠宰开始了.

来自柯林斯例句

[ deck 造句 ]