CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
1. dean 源自拉丁语 decanus ，原义为“十人之首”，也就是十个人的头儿，如：十个士兵之首、十个教士之首等，后来该词借道法语进入英语后后缀脱落、中间的字母c消失，于是就演变成了今天的单词。
来自拉丁语decanus, 修道院管理十个人的牧师，词源同ten, December.后词义通用化。
- dean:  Etymologically, a dean is someone in charge of a group of ten people. That was the meaning of its ancestor, Greek dekānós, a word formed from déka ‘ten’. This eventually came to designate specifically someone in charge of ten monks, and this sense passed via late Latin decānus, Old French deien, and Anglo-Norman deen into English as the ‘head of a cathedral’. The modern French descendant of deien, doyen, was reborrowed into English in the 17th century.
- dean (n.)
- early 14c., from Old French deien (12c., Modern French doyen), from Late Latin decanus "head of a group of 10 monks in a monastery," from earlier secular meaning "commander of 10 soldiers" (which was extended to civil administrators in the late empire), from Greek dekanos, from deka "ten" (see ten). Replaced Old English teoðingealdor. College sense is from 1570s (in Latin from late 13c.).
- 1. Stan Dean, easily identifiable by his oddly-shaped hat, sat in a doorway.
- 2. She was Dean of the Science faculty at Sophia University.
- 3. I'll lay odds that Dean is at your office right now.
- 4. He also began a running feud with Dean Acheson.
- 5. I'm making inquiries about the circumstances of Mary Dean's murder.
[ dean 造句 ]